Chapter 13: Blood System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Blood System Deck (22):
1

Hypercapnia

High carbon dioxide levels in the blood

2

Hemophilia

Excessive bleeding caused by congenital lack of factor VII or IX

3

Coagulation Time

Venous blood is clotted in a test tube

4

Hematocrit

Sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that red cells fall to the bottom and percentage of RBC's is measured

5

RBC Morphology

Blood smear is examined to determine the shape or form of cells

6

WBC differential

Leukocytes are stained and counted under a microscope to see numbers of mature and immature forms

7

Erythrocyte Sedimentation rate

Venous blood is collected; anti-coagulant added and the distance of cells fall in a period of time determined

8

Albumin

Blood protein that maintains the proper proportion and concentration of water in the blood

9

Immunoglobins

IgM, IgG, IgA, IgD, IgE

10

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell

11

Erythropoietin

Hormone secreted by the kidneys.
Stimulates production of RBCs.

12

Fibrin

Protein threads that form the bisis of a blood clot

13

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process

14

Granulocyte

White blood cell.
Eosinophil, basophil, and neutrophil.

15

Globulins

Part of the blood containing plasma proteins.
Alpha, beta, and gamma are examples.

16

Hemoglobin

Blood protein that contains iron and carries oxygen in RBCs

17

Hemolysis

Destruction or breakdown of blood RBCs

18

Heparin

Anticoagulent found in blood and tissues

19

Immune Reaction

Response of the immune system to invasion by foreign substances (antigens)

20

Type AB

A universal recipient.
Can receive blood from any donor.
Type AB has no antibodies and only AB antigens.

21

Relapse

Symptoms of a disease return

22

Palliative

Relieving symptoms, but not curing disease