Chapter 13 - Elections and Campaigns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Elections and Campaigns Deck (14):
1

Median voter theorem

A mathematical result showing that the voter with the ideological preference in the middle of the ranking of voters must be satisfied and approve of a majority-rule winning outcome

2

Plurality rule

A method for determining an election’s winner in which the candidate who receives the most votes wins

3

Single-member district

An electoral district in which a single person is elected to a given office

4

Australian ballot

A type of ballot that lists all candidates running for each office and allows voters to cast their votes secretly and for specific individual candidates

5

Referendum

An election in which citizens vote directly on whether to overturn a bill or a constitutional amendment that has been passed by the legislature

6

Initiative

An election held to vote directly on a ballot proposition that was proposed by a group of individuals

7

Open primary

A primary election in which any registered voter can vote, regardless of party affiliation

8

Closed primary

A primary election in which only voters registered with the party can vote

9

Political action committee (PAC)

A type of organization regulated by the Federal Election Commission that raises money from donors to support the election campaigns of federal political candidates

10

Federal Election commission (FEC)

The federal agency that regulates campaign donations to and spending by candidates for Congress and the presidency

11

Super PACs

A type of organization regulated by the Federal Election Commission that can spend unlimited sums of money to advocate for the election or for the defeat of a candidate, but is prohibited from contributing funds directly to federal campaigns and parties

12

Hard money

Campaign funds that are given directly to candidates or parties to support a particular candidate, and thus are subject to FEC regulations

13

Soft money

Campaign funds that are given to parties or other organizations to support voter mobilization or voter education activities, and thus typically are not subject to FEC regulations

14

527s

Organizations that are independent of any party or candidate, and thus are not regulated by the FEC, as they
advocate publicly for or against specific candidates, parties, or policies