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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Health Deck (38):
1

Two main functions of the respiratory system

To bring oxygen from the environment into the body and remove carbon dioxide

2

What are the major components of the respiratory system

1) two lungs that serve as the vital organs
2) upper and lower airways that conduct or move gas r
3) terminal air sacs called alveoli surrounded by a network of capillaries that allow gas exchange
4) a thoracic cage that houses function for the system
5) muscle of breathing

3

What re the air sacs at the terminal end of the air ways

Alveoli

4

This is the process is in which oxygenated blood exchanges gases with tissues in the body

Respiration

5

This is where the trachea bifurcates, forming the bronchi

Carina

6

What is the noncancerous growths in the nasal cavity that can be related to chronic inflammation

Nasal polyps

7

Which condition is characterized by airway inflammation and intermittent bronchospasm

Asthma

8

Name 5 of the 6 lung volumes

Vital capacity
Total long capacity
Inspiratory capacity
Inspiratory reserve volume
Tidal volume

9

What are the two components of breathing

Ventilation and respiration

10

What are the gases air contains

Co2
Oxygen
Nitrogen

11

Each Lin is divided into AIRWAYS. The right lung has three LOBES, upper, middle, and lower. The left lung has two LOBES, upper and lower

AIRWAYS
LOBES

12

What protective section is made up of the sternum and thoracic cage

Boney thorax

13

What is the respiratory control center

The lungs

14

How do cilia and mucus work together

They keep foreign material out of the lungs

15

What are the sinuses

Air fined cavities in the skull that interconnect with the nasal

16

Name for of the six general functions of the upper airway

1) hearing or cooling inhaled
2) filtering particles from inhaled air
3) humidifying inhaled air
4) providing sense of smell
5) producing sounds
6) conducting gas to lower airways

17

What are the three main parts of the nasal cavity

Vestibular region, olfactory region, respiratory region

18

What is the large dome shaped primary muscle of breathing

Diaphram

19

What is the flap cartilage that closes the airways during swallowing

Epiglottis

20

VENTILATION is the process of moving the air into and out of the lungs; RESPIRATION is the process of exchanging gases with the bloodstream

VENTILATION AND RESPIRATION

21

Step throat is a kind of bacterial pharyngitis

Pharyngitis

22

A less severe infection of the laryngeal area characterized by noisy breathing, especially on inspiration; barking cough

Laryngotracheobronchitis

23

A dangerous infection that causes swelling of epiglottis and airway obstruction

Acute epiglottis

24

Caused by over 200 different types of viruses

Common cold

25

Infection and inflammation of the sinuses

Sinusitis

26

Inflammation, swelling, and pain of the tonsils

Tonsillitis

27

Characterized by hoarseness and loss of speech

Laryngitis

28

A condition characterized by trapped air between the chest wall and the outer surface of the lung

Pneumothorax

29

Large airways that branch off the trachea

Bronchi

30

Type of COPD characterized by destruction of the alveoli

Emphysema

31

Membrane that surrounds each lung and reduces the friction of breathing

Pleura

32

The tiny hair like projections on the surface of the respiratory epithelial cells

Cilia

33

The windpipe; the long cartilage-supported tube that extends down the upper portion of the chest

Trachea

34

The voice box

Larynx

35

Flexible muscular tube (postponed just behind the trachea) that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach

Esophagus

36

A family of diseases characterized by irreversible airway obstruction

Bronchioles

37

An infection of the lung tissue

Pneumonia

38

Another name for nostril

Nare