Chapter 13 Health care Trends and Forecast Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Health care Trends and Forecast Deck (20):
1

Stakeholders and health care system

- the public
- employers
- healthcare facilities
- federal and state governments
- managed care organizations

2

cost

the amount individuals, employers, state and federal governments, HMO's and insurers spend on health care in the United States

3

quality

the degree of excellence of health care services offered

4

access

the availability of health care and the means to purchase health care services

5

gross domestic product

the total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year

6

Factors increasing cost of health care

- growth in the population of older adults
- emphasis on specialty medicine
- increasing numbers of uninsured and under insured
- labor intensity of health care services

7

baby boom generation

those individuals born between 1946 and 1964

8

the largest population that purchases health care

government and employers

9

agency for healthcare research and quality (AHRQ)

the lead federal agency responsible for tracking and improving the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for Americans

10

The three lagging areas of healthcare

-population health
- safety
- access

11

life expectancy

the number of year an individual can expect to live, calculated from his or her birth

12

life span

the number of years an individual actually lives

13

medical management

the management of patient care and populations

14

pharmacogenomics

the science that defines how individuals are genetically programmed to respond to drugs

15

genometrics

the science of determining how genes cause the expression of certain traits in individuals

16

epigenetics

the study of changes in gene activity that do not involve alterations to the genetic code, but are still passed down to at least one successive generations

17

gene therapy

involves correcting defective genes responsible for disease

18

proteomics

the study of proteins that genes create or express

19

personalized medicine

the products and services that leverage the science of genomics and proteomics and capitalize on the trends toward wellness and consumerism to enable tailored approaches to prevention and care

20

state children's health initiative program (SCHIP)

a program enacted by the balanced budget act of 1997 to help low income children under 19 who are not covered by medicaid