Chapter 13 - Off-the-Field Injury Evaluation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Off-the-Field Injury Evaluation Deck (58):
1

Diagnosis

denotes what disease, injury, or syndrome a person has or is believed to have

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planes of the body

sagittal (anteroposterior)

transverse (cross-sectional)

coronal/frontal (mediolateral)

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distal

proximal

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anterior

posterior

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medial

lateral

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inferior

superior

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abdominopelvic regions

R hypochondriac region epigastric region left hypochondriac region

right lateral abdominal region umbilical region left lateral abdominal region

right inguinal region hypogastric region left inguinal region

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abduction

adduction

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eversion

inversion

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extension

flexion

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internal rotation

external rotation

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pronation

supination

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valgus

varus

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biomechanics

application of mechanical forces to living organisms

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pathomechanics

mechanical forces that are applied to a living organism and adversely change the body's structure and function

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etiology

cause of injury or disease aka mechanism

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mechanism

mechanical description of the cause

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pathology

structural and functional changes that result from the injury process

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symptom

perceptible change in an athlete's body or its functions that indicate injury or disease

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sign

objective, definitive and obvious indicator for a specific condition

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differential diagnosis

systematic method of diagnosing a disorder that lacks unique symptoms or signs

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working diagnosis/ hypothesis

suggest a process for determining likely cause for condition

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prognosis

predicted outcome of injury (length of time predicted for complete recovery)

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sequela

condition following and resulting from a disease or injury; development of an additional condition as a complication of an existing disease/injury

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syndrome

group of symptoms that indicate a condition or disease

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soft-tissue approximation

soft and spongy

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capsular feel

abrupt, hard, firm, little give

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bone to bone

distinct and abrupt endpoint with contact of 2 hard surfaces

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muscular

springy feel with some associated discomfort

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normal end-feels

soft tissue approx, capsular feel, bone to bone, muscular

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abnormal end-feels

empty, spasm, loose, springy block

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empty feel

movement is beyond anatomical limi; pain before end of range

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spasm end feel

involuntary muscle contraction that prevents motion due to pain

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loose end feel

occurs in extreme hypermobility

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springy block

rebound at the endpoint

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grade 5 (mmt)

normal, complete ROM against gravity with full resistance

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grade 4 (mmt)

75%, good, complete ROM against gravity with some resistance

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grade 3 (mmt)

50%, fair, complete ROM against gravity with no resistance

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grade 2 (mmt)

25%, poor, complete ROM with gravity omitted

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grade 1

10%, trace, evidence of slight contractility with no joint motion

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grade 0

0%, zero, no evidence of muscle contractility

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testing cerebral function

questions should address general affect, LOC, intellect, emotional state, thought content, sensory perception, and language ability

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dermatome

area of skin innervated by cutaneous neurons of a spinal or cranial nerve

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myotome

develop in groups of muscles innervated by a specific spinal nerve

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areflexia

absence of reflex, grade 0

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hyporeflexia

diminished reflex, grade 1

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average reflex

grade 2

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hyperreflexia

grade 3, exaggerated reflex

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grade 4 reflex

markedly hyperactive, associated with clonus

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Anthropometry

the science of measuring the human body

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osteometry

measurement of the dimensions of the skeletal system

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craniometry

measurement of the bones of the skull

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upper abdominal reflex

T7-T9

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lower abdominal reflex

T11-T12

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cremasteric reflex

T12, L1

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plantar reflex

S1-S2

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Gluteal reflex

L4,S3

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superficial reflexes

Upper abdominal, lower abdominal, cremasteric, plantar, gluteal