Chapter 13 - Personality Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Personality Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders Deck (20):
1

personality disorders

Excessively rigid behaviour patterns, or ways of relating to others, that ultimately become self-defeating.

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ego syntonic

Referring to behaviours or feelings that are perceived as natural parts of the self.

3

ego dystonic

Referring to behaviours or feelings that are perceived to be alien to one's self-identity.

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The Three Clusters of DSM Personality Disorders:

Cluster A

People who are perceived as odd or eccentric.  This cluster includes paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders.

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The Three Clusters of DSM Personality Disorders:

Cluster B

People whose behaviour is overly dramatic, emotional, or erratic.  This grouping consists of antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissitic personality disorders.

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The Three Clusters of DSM Personality Disorders:

Cluster C

People who often appear anxious or fearful.  This cluster includes avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders.

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Cluster A:

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Pervasive supspicousness of the motivevs of others but without outright paranoid delusions.

8

Cluster A:

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Social aloofness and blunted emotions.  Characterized by persistent lack of interest in social relationships, flattened affect, and social withdrawal.

9

Cluster A:

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Persistent difficulty forming close social relationships and odd or peculiar beliefs and behaviours without clear psychotic features.  Characterized by eccentricities of thought and behaviour.

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Cluster B:

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Chronic antisocial behaviour, callous treatment of others, irresponsible behaviour, and lack of remorse for wrongdoing.

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Cluster B:

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Tumultuous moods and stormy relationships with others, unstable self-image, and lack of impulse control.

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Cluster B:

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Overly dramatic and emotional behaviour; demands to be the center of attention; excessive needs for reassurance, praise, and approval.

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Cluster B:

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Grandiose sense of self; extreme needs for admiration.

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Cluster C:

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Chronic pattern of avoiding social relationships due to fears of rejection.

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Cluster C:

Dependent Personality Disorder

Excessive dependence on others and difficulty making independent decisions.

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Cluster C:

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Excessive needs for orderliness and perfectionism, excessive attention to detail, rigid ways of relating to others.

Unlike obsessive-compulsive anxiety disorder, people with obsessive comopulsive personality disorder do not necessarily experience outright obsessions or compulsions; if they do, both diagnoses may be appropriate.

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splitting

An inability to reconcile the positive and negative aspects of the self and others, resulting in sudden shifts between positive and negative feelings.

18

impulse control disorders

A category of psychological disorders characterized by failure to control imulses, temptations, or drives, resulting in harm to oneself others.

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pathological gambling

A type of impulse control disorder characterized by a pattern of habitual gambling and impaired control over the behaviour.

20

kleptomania

A type of impulse disorder characterized by a pattern of compulsive stealing.