Chapter 13 - Resistance Training Concepts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Resistance Training Concepts Deck (16):
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GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME

A term used to describe how the body responds and adapts to stress.

1

ALARM REACTION

The alarm reaction is the initial reaction to a stressor.

2

DELAYED-ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS

Pain discomfort often felt 24 to 72 hours after intense exercise or unaccustomed physical activity.

3

RESISTANCE DEVELOPMENT

The body increases its functional capacity to adapt to the stressor.

4

EXHAUSTION

Prolonged stress or stress that is intolerable and will produce exhaustion or distress o the system.

5

PERIODIZATION

Division of a training program into smaller, progressive stages.

6

PRINCIPLE OF SPECIFICITY or SPECIFIC ADAPTATION to IMPOSED DEMANDS (SAID PRINCIPLE)

Principle that states the body will adapt to the specific demands that are placed on it.

7

MECHANICAL SPECIFICITY

Refers to the weight and movements placed on the body.

8

NEUROMUSCULAR SPECIFICITY

Refers to the speed of contraction and exercise selection.

9

METABOLIC SPECIFICITY

Refers to the energy demand placed on the body.

10

MUSCULAR ENDURANCE

The ability to produce and maintain force production for prolonged periods of time.

11

MUSCULAR HYPERTROPHY

Enlargement of skeletal muscle fibers in response to overcoming force from high volumes of tension.

12

STRENGTH

The ability of the neuromuscular system to produce internal tension to overcome an external load.

13

POWER

Ability of the neuromuscular system to produce the greatest force in the shortest time.

14

VERTICAL LOADING

Alternating body parts trained from set to set, starting from the upper extremity and moving to the lower extremity.

15

HORIZONTAL LOADING

Performing all sets of an exercise or body part before moving on to the next exercise or body part.