Flashcards in Chapter 13 Respiratory Emergencies Deck (50):
A collection of fluid between the lung and chest wall that may compress the lung.
Inflammation of the bronchioles that usually occurs in children younger than 2 years and is often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus.
A substance that causes an allergic reaction.
A slow process of dilation and disruption of the airways and alveoli caused by chronic bronchial obstruction.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
This syndrome occurs in the absence of other physical problems. The respirations of a person who is experiencing this syndrome may be as high as 40 shallow breaths/min or as low as only 20 very deep breaths/min.
hyperventilation syndrome (panic attack)
Rapid or deep breathing that lowers the blood carbon dioxide level below normal.
A virus that causes an infection of the lungs and breathing passages; can lead to other serious illnesses that affect the lungs or heart, such as bronchiolitis and pneumonia. It is highly contagious and spread through droplets.
respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flulike symptoms.
severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Irritation of the major lung passageways from infectious disease or irritants such as smoke.
A dangerous condition in which the body tissues and cells do not have enough oxygen.
Sharp, stabbing pain in the chest wall that is worsened by a deep breath or other chest wall movement; often caused by inflammation or irritation of the pleura.
pleuritic chest pain
A condition characterized by a chronically high blood level of carbon dioxide in which the respiratory center no longer responds to high blood levels of carbon dioxide.
carbon dioxide retention.
A blood clot or other substance in the circulatory system that travels to a blood vessel where it causes a blockage.
Normal breath sounds made by air moving through the bronchi.
bronchial breath sounds
A blood clot that breaks off from a large vein and travels to the blood vessels of the lung, causing obstruction of blood flow.
The production of whistling sounds during expiration such as occurs in asthma and bronchiolitis.
An extreme, life-threatening systemic allergic reaction that may include shock and respiratory failure.
anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock)
An inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory system that may cause a partial airway obstruction and is characterized by a barking cough; usually seen in children.
A chronic bacterial disease, caused by Mycobacterium _________, that usually affects the lungs
Normal breath sounds made made by air moving in out of the alveoli.
vesicular breath sounds
Coarse, low-pitched breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways.
A "backup system" to control respiration; senses drop in the oxygen level in the blood.
A high-pitched noise heard primarily on inspiration.
A respiratory device that holds liquid medicine that is turned into a fine mist. The patient inhales the medication into the airways and lungs as a treatment for conditions like asthma.
An acute or chronic inflammation of the lung that may damage lung tissue; usually associated with cough and production of sputum and, depending on its cause, sometimes fever.
Collapse of the alveolar air spaces of the lungs.
An acute spasm of the smaller air passages, called bronchioles, associated with excessive mucus production and with swelling of the mucous lining of the respiratory passages.
A partial or complete accumulation of air in the pleural space.
A pathologic condition that results from the accumlation of acids in the body.
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
A disease of the lungs in which there is extreme dilation and eventual destruction of the pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide; it is one form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
A buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually as a result of congestive heart failure.
An inflammation/infection of the lung from a bacterial, viral, or fungal cause.
Occurs when new cases of a disease occur in a human population and substantially exceed what is "expected, " based on recent experience.
An odorless, highly poisonous gas that results from incomplete oxidation of carbon in combustion.
A virus that has crossed the animal/human barrier and has infected humans, recently reaching a pandemic level with the H1N1 strain.
An outbreak that occurs on a global scale.
Inflammation of the lung
A disease in which the epiglottis becomes inflamed and enlarged and may cause an upper airway obstruction.
A viral infection usually associated with swollen nasal mucous membranes and the production of fluid from the sinuses and nose.
The process of delivering oxygen to the body by diffusion from the alveoli following inhalation into the lungs.
An allergic response usually to outdoor airborne allergens such as pollen or sometimes indoor allergens such as dust mites or pet dander; also called allergic rhinitis.
A crackling, rattling breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles.
An inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord; can be highly contagious.
The process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide.
A miniature spray canister used to direct medications through the mouth and into the lungs.
metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; can be found on the skin, in surgical wounds, in the bloodstream, lungs, and urinary tract.
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
The buildup of excess base (lack of acids) in the body fluids.
An airborne bacterial infection that affects mostly children younger than 6 years. Patients will be feverish and exhibit a "whoop" sound on insipiration after a coughing attack; highly contagious through droplet infection.
pertussis (whooping cough)