Chapter 13 Section 1,2,& 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Section 1,2,& 3 Deck (75):
1

the cheapest accomodations on a steamship

steerage

2

an anti-immigrant oragnization

American Protective Assocation

3

caused an increase in Chinese immigration

Taiping Rebellion

4

location of a barracks in California to accommmodate Asian immigrants

Angel Island

5

an extreme dislike for foreighners by native-born people

Nativism

6

Nativism in the late 1800s was focused on Asians Jews, and ________________

Eastern Europeans

7

By the 1890s, immigrants made up a significant percentage of some of the country's largest ________________

cities

8

Where did many Chinese immigrants settle?

Western Cities

9

What law prevented Chinese immigrants already in the United States from becoming citizens?

Chinese Exclusion Act

10

The processing center for the vast majority of immigrants arriving on the East Coast was at ______________

Ellis Island

11

In the late 1980's what percentage of immigrants in the US came from eastern and southern Europe?

over %50

12

Why did immigrants move to the US?

1. to escape poverty and the restrictions of social class 2. avoid forced military service High food prices,religious persecution, live under democratic government

13

The voyage to the US was very difficult and many immigrants booked passage in ___________

steerage

14

At the end of the 14 day journey, immigrants disembarked at _____________

Ellis Island

15

Immigrants made up large percentage of the population of major cities including...

New York, Chicago, Milwaukee, and Detroit

16

Who observed the large number of different ethnic groups in NYC?

Jacob Riis

17

What caused the Chinese to migrate to the US

The Taiping Rebellion

18

Why did the Japanese migrate to the US

Economic problems in Japan

19

California opened a barracks for Asian immigrants that was called what>

Angel Island

20

Why did Nativism oppose immigration?

The feared the influx of Catholics would swamp the "protestant" US. Labor Unions argued that immigrants would undermine American workers because they would work for lower wages, and except jobs as strikebreakers

21

What was a well known anti-immigration organization?

American Protective Association

22

Who organized the workingman's party?

Denis Kearney

23

In 1882 Congress passed what act that put restrctions on immigrations?

Chinese Exclusion Act

24

What city did the board of education order all Asian children to attend segregated schools?

San Fransisco

25

Theodore Roosevelt proposed a deal known as.....

the Gentleman's Agreement

26

Why were rural Americans moving to cities in the early 1900s?

they lacked money for farms, and education for higher paying jobs

27

What new type of building became more common in the early 1900s?

Skyscrapers

28

Louis Sullivan is famous for creating what new structure?

Skyscrapers

29

In 1887, who developed the nation's first electric trolley car?

Frank J. Sprague

30

Name on of the two cities that built the nation's first subway system?

Boston and New York

31

A low income apartment building found in an inner city neighborhood was known as a what?

Tenements

32

Name Danish immigrant who wrote the book How the Other Half LIves

Jacob Riis

33

Name the powerful New York City party boss who defended "Honest Graft"

George Plunkitt

34

Name the New York City democratic political party machine?>

Tammany Hall

35

Were most political machines and bosses fair and honest?

NO

36

an informal political group designed to gain and keep power

Political Machine

37

INvented the electric trolley car

Frank J. Sprague

38

documented slum life in the book How the Other Half Lives

Jacob Riis

39

a railroad car pulled by horses

horsecar

40

tall steel frame building

skyscrapers

41

What was the famous New York Democratic political machine called?

Tammany Hall

42

No one contributed more to the design of skyscrapers than Chicago's ________

Louis Sullivan

43

America's industrialization made some people wealthy and created a growing _________

middle class

44

In response to urban congestion, Boston and New York built the first....

subway systems

45

Who rose to become on of New York's most powerful party bosses

George Plunkitt

46

Who wrote the novel, The Guilded Age?

Mark Twain and Charles Warner

47

One of the strongest beliefs during the guilded age was that of...

Individualism

48

Who wrote more than 100 stories of rags to riches?

Horatio Alger

49

Another powerful idea during the guilded era was....

Social Darwinism

50

Who developed Social Darwinism?

Herbert Spencer

51

Who created a gentler version of Social Darwinism, and called it the Gospel of Wealth

Andrew Carnegie

52

The Gospel of Wealth philosophy said wealthy americans should engage in....

philanphropy

53

A new movement in art and literature was called....

Realism

54

Who was Americas best known painter of realism?

Thomas Edkins

55

Who were two famous writers from the realism era

William Dean Howells, and Mark Twain

56

What things became popular?

Saloons, amusement parks, watching professional sports, playing tennis, golf and croquet, vaudeville and ragtime

57

Rutherford B. Hayes tried to end what when he entered office?

Patronage

58

What were people who supported Patronage called?

stulwarts

59

What were people who opposed patronage called?

halfbreeds

60

When james. A. Garfield became president and was assassinated, the public opinion turned against the spoils system and congress passed the...

Pendelton Act

61

In the 1884 election who was the Democratic nominee?

Grover Cleveland

62

IN the 1884 election who was the Republican nominee?

James Blain

63

were americans concerned with corporations?

Yes

64

In 1887, Cleveland signed the what that created the ICC and set railway restrictions?

INterstate Commerce Act

65

Grover Cleveland wanted to lower what?

tariffs

66

What lowered federal income revenue causing a budget deficit?

McKinley Tariff

67

Congress passed what in 1890, but had little impact?

Sherman Anti-trust Act

68

Who published Progress and Poverty, a book that challenged Social Darwinism?

Henry George

69

Who published Dynamic Sociology?

Lester Frank Ward

70

Ward's ideas became known as what?

Reform Darwinism

71

Who published Looking Backwards?

Edward Bellamy

72

Criticism of industrial society also appeared in the new style of writing known as...

Naturalism

73

Name famous naturalis writers

Stephan Crane, Jack London

74

Who opened a famous settlement house in Chicago?

jane Addams

75

What were children in schools essentially taugh?

Americanization (learning English + customs)