Flashcards in Chapter 13 Section 1,2,& 3 Deck (75):
the cheapest accomodations on a steamship
an anti-immigrant oragnization
American Protective Assocation
caused an increase in Chinese immigration
location of a barracks in California to accommmodate Asian immigrants
an extreme dislike for foreighners by native-born people
Nativism in the late 1800s was focused on Asians Jews, and ________________
By the 1890s, immigrants made up a significant percentage of some of the country's largest ________________
Where did many Chinese immigrants settle?
What law prevented Chinese immigrants already in the United States from becoming citizens?
Chinese Exclusion Act
The processing center for the vast majority of immigrants arriving on the East Coast was at ______________
In the late 1980's what percentage of immigrants in the US came from eastern and southern Europe?
Why did immigrants move to the US?
1. to escape poverty and the restrictions of social class 2. avoid forced military service High food prices,religious persecution, live under democratic government
The voyage to the US was very difficult and many immigrants booked passage in ___________
At the end of the 14 day journey, immigrants disembarked at _____________
Immigrants made up large percentage of the population of major cities including...
New York, Chicago, Milwaukee, and Detroit
Who observed the large number of different ethnic groups in NYC?
What caused the Chinese to migrate to the US
The Taiping Rebellion
Why did the Japanese migrate to the US
Economic problems in Japan
California opened a barracks for Asian immigrants that was called what>
Why did Nativism oppose immigration?
The feared the influx of Catholics would swamp the "protestant" US. Labor Unions argued that immigrants would undermine American workers because they would work for lower wages, and except jobs as strikebreakers
What was a well known anti-immigration organization?
American Protective Association
Who organized the workingman's party?
In 1882 Congress passed what act that put restrctions on immigrations?
Chinese Exclusion Act
What city did the board of education order all Asian children to attend segregated schools?
Theodore Roosevelt proposed a deal known as.....
the Gentleman's Agreement
Why were rural Americans moving to cities in the early 1900s?
they lacked money for farms, and education for higher paying jobs
What new type of building became more common in the early 1900s?
Louis Sullivan is famous for creating what new structure?
In 1887, who developed the nation's first electric trolley car?
Frank J. Sprague
Name on of the two cities that built the nation's first subway system?
Boston and New York
A low income apartment building found in an inner city neighborhood was known as a what?
Name Danish immigrant who wrote the book How the Other Half LIves
Name the powerful New York City party boss who defended "Honest Graft"
Name the New York City democratic political party machine?>
Were most political machines and bosses fair and honest?
an informal political group designed to gain and keep power
INvented the electric trolley car
Frank J. Sprague
documented slum life in the book How the Other Half Lives
a railroad car pulled by horses
tall steel frame building
What was the famous New York Democratic political machine called?
No one contributed more to the design of skyscrapers than Chicago's ________
America's industrialization made some people wealthy and created a growing _________
In response to urban congestion, Boston and New York built the first....
Who rose to become on of New York's most powerful party bosses
Who wrote the novel, The Guilded Age?
Mark Twain and Charles Warner
One of the strongest beliefs during the guilded age was that of...
Who wrote more than 100 stories of rags to riches?
Another powerful idea during the guilded era was....
Who developed Social Darwinism?
Who created a gentler version of Social Darwinism, and called it the Gospel of Wealth
The Gospel of Wealth philosophy said wealthy americans should engage in....
A new movement in art and literature was called....
Who was Americas best known painter of realism?
Who were two famous writers from the realism era
William Dean Howells, and Mark Twain
What things became popular?
Saloons, amusement parks, watching professional sports, playing tennis, golf and croquet, vaudeville and ragtime
Rutherford B. Hayes tried to end what when he entered office?
What were people who supported Patronage called?
What were people who opposed patronage called?
When james. A. Garfield became president and was assassinated, the public opinion turned against the spoils system and congress passed the...
In the 1884 election who was the Democratic nominee?
IN the 1884 election who was the Republican nominee?
were americans concerned with corporations?
In 1887, Cleveland signed the what that created the ICC and set railway restrictions?
INterstate Commerce Act
Grover Cleveland wanted to lower what?
What lowered federal income revenue causing a budget deficit?
Congress passed what in 1890, but had little impact?
Sherman Anti-trust Act
Who published Progress and Poverty, a book that challenged Social Darwinism?
Who published Dynamic Sociology?
Lester Frank Ward
Ward's ideas became known as what?
Who published Looking Backwards?
Criticism of industrial society also appeared in the new style of writing known as...
Name famous naturalis writers
Stephan Crane, Jack London
Who opened a famous settlement house in Chicago?