Chapter 13: Supernaturalism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Supernaturalism Deck (14)
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1

Symbols

Connect people to their communities and define their identities.

2

Belief systems affect

Social life
Health and healing
Relationship to their environment

3

Myths

Are part of social contexts.
Justify present day social arrangements.

4

Ritual

Repetitive social practice
(Formal behaviour performed in sacred places at set times)

5

Rites of passage

Formal (and informal) rituals
Mark transitions in life

6

Liminality

Temporary suspension and even reversal of ordinary social distinctions, behaviours, and expectations.

7

Communitas

Unstructured or minimally structured communities of equal individuals found frequently in rites of passage.

8

Process of rites of passage

Separation --> Transition --> Incorporation

9

Animism

Belief in spiritual beings
(Earliest form of religion)

10

Polytheism

Belief in multiple gods

11

Monotheism

Belief in a single, all-powerful deity.

12

Mana

Sacred, impersonal force that can reside in people, animals, plants, and objects (Polynesia).

13

Levelling mechanism

Custom or social action that operates to reduce status difference.

14

Syncretism

Merging different belief systems after culture contact.