Chapter 13 Understadning Employees management Issues and Relations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Understadning Employees management Issues and Relations Deck (23):
1

Craft Union

An organization of skilled specialists in a particular craft or trade

2

Industrial Union

Consists of unskilled an semi-skilled workers in mass-production industries such as automobile manufacturing and mining

3

Union Density

A measure of the percentage of workers who belong to unions

4

Collective Bargining

The process whereby union and management representative negotiate a contract for workers

5

Certification

Formal process whereby a union is recognized by the LRB as the bargaining agent for a group of employees

6

Decertification

Process by which workers can take away a unions right to represent them

7

Union Security Clause

Provision in a Labour-management agreement that stipulates that employees who benefit from a union must either officially join or pay dues to the union

8

Closed Shop

A workshop in which all new hires must already be union members

9

Union Shop

A workplace in which the employer is free to hire anybody, but the recruit must join the union within a short period, perhaps a month

10

Agency Shop( Rand Formula)

A workplace in which an employee is not required to join a union but must still pay union dues

11

Open Shop

A workplace in which employees are free to join or not join the union and to pay or not pay dues

12

Shop Stewards

Union Officials who work permanently in an organization and represent employee interests on a daily basis

13

Bargaining Zone

Range of options between the initial and final offer that each party will consider before negotiations dissolve or reach an impasse

14

Mediation

The use of a third party, called a mediator, who encourages both sides in a dispute to continue negotiating and often gives suggestions

15

Arbitration

Agreement to bring in an impartial third party to render a binding decision in a labour dispute

16

Strike

An union strategy in which workers refuse to go to work

17

Wildcat Strike

An unauthorized work stoppage while a labour contract is still in effect

18

Primary Boycott

When a union encourages both its members and the general public not to buy the products of a firm involved in a labour boycott

19

Secondary Boycott

An attempt by labour to convince others to stop doing business with a firm that is the subject of a primary boycott

20

Lockout

An attempt by management to put pressure on unions by temporarily closing the business

21

Injunction

A court order directing someone to do something or to refrain from doing something

22

Strikebreakers

Replacement workers hired to do the jobs of striking employees until the labour dispute is resolved

23

Union

An employee organization that has the main goal of representing members in employee-management bargaining over job-related issues; also known as a Labour Union