Chapter 13 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Vocab Deck (13)
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1

Hybridization

Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits of both organisms

2

Inbreeding

Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics

3

Polyploid

Condition in which an organism has extra sets of chromosomes

4

Genetic engineering

Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms

5

Restriction enzyme

Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides

6

Gel electrophoresis

Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porous gel and applying an electrical voltage to the gel

7

Recombinant DNA

DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources

8

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

Technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene

9

Transgenic

Term used to refer to an organism that contains genes from other organisms

10

Clone

Member of a population of genetically identical organisms produced from a single cell

11

Selective breeding

Method of improving a species by allowing only those individual organisms with desired characteristics to produce the next generation

12

Plasmid

Circular DNA molecule found in bacteria

13

Genetic marker

Gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid with foreign DNA from those that don't