Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (25):
1

Adoption

process that allows for the transfer of the legal rights, responsibilities, and privileges of parenthood to a new legal parent or parents.

2

Bilateral descent

a kinship system in which both sides of a person's family are regarded as equally important.

3

Cohabitation

practice of living together as a male-female couple without marrying.

4

Domestic partnership

two unrelated adults who share a mutually caring relationship, reside together, and agree to be jointly responsible for their dependents, basic living expenses, and other common necessities.

5

Egalitarian family

authority pattern in which spouses are regarded as equals.

6

Endogamy

restriction of mate selection to people within the same group.

7

Exogamy

requirement that people select a mate outside certain groups.

8

Extended family

family in which relatives- such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles- live in the same home as parents and their children.

9

Familism

pride in the extended family, expressed through the maintenance of close ties and strong obligations to kinfolk outside the immediate family.

10

Family

set of people related by blood, marriage or some other agreed on relationship, or adoption, who share the primary responsibility for reproduction and caring for members of society.

11

Homogamy

conscious or unconscious tendency to select a mate with personal characteristics similar to one's own.

12

Incest taboo

the prohibition of sexual relationships between certain culturally specified relatives.

13

Kinship

the state of being related to others.

14

Machismo

A sense of virility, personal worth, and pride in one's maleness.

15

Matriarchy

society in which women dominate, in family decision making.

16

Matrilineal descent

a kinship system in which only the mother's relatives are significant.

17

Monogamy

form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married to each other.

18

Nuclear family

A married couple and their unmarried children living together.

19

Patriarchy

society in which men dominate in family decision making.

20

Patrilineal descent

kinship system in which only the father's relatives are significant.

21

Polyandry

form of polygamy in which a woman may have more than one husband at the same time.

22

Polygamy

form of marriage in which an individual may have several husbands or wives simultaneously.

23

Polygyny

form of polygamy in which a man may have more than one wife at the same time.

24

Serial monogamy

form of marriage in which a person may have several spouses in his or her lifetime, but only one spouse at a time.

25

Single- parent family

family in which only one parent is present to care for the children.