Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (24):
The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics by which each person can be compared and contrasted with others.
Freud's view that personality is based on the interplay between mental processes.
The unconscious portion of personality containing basic impulses and urges.
The psychic energy containing in the id. (Eros: life instinct, positive; Thanatos: death instinct, negative)
The id's operating principle, which guides people toward whatever feels good.
The part of the personality that mediates conflicts between and among the demands of the id, the superego, and the real world.
The operating principle of the ego that creates compromises between the id's demands and those of the real world.
The component of personality that tells people what they should and shouldn't do.
Psychological responses that help protect a person from anxiety and guilt.
Periods of personality development on which conflicts focus on particular issues.
Genital: Sex thoughts
Loving mom/dad, disliking opposite.
Fourth psychosexual stage, sexual impulses lie dormant.
A perspective in which personality is seen as a combination of characteristics that people display over time and across situations.
Five trait dimensions found in many factor-analytic studies of personality: neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness.
An approach in which personality is seen as the patterns of thinking and behavior that a person learns.
Analyzing behavior by studying what responses occur under what conditions of operant reward and punishment.
According to Bandura, learned expectations about the probability of success in given situations.
A view in which personality develops through an actualization tendency that unfolds in accordance with each person's unique perceptions of the world.
According to Rogers, an innate inclination toward growth that motivates all people.
The way one thinks of oneself.
Conditions of worth
The feelings an individual experiences when the person, instead of the person's behavior, is evaluated.
A preoccupation with perceived needs for things a person does not have.
Drawing satisfaction from what is available in life, rather that on what's missing.