Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (24):
0

Belief system based on the teachings of Confucius, a scholar who taught moral virtues and ethnics.

Confucianism

1

Belief system based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, who believed the people could escape suffering by reducing their attachment to material possessions.

Buddhism

2

Belief system that originated in China in the 500s B.C. and emphasizes harmony with nature and with inner feelings.

Daoism

3

To bring together again.

Reunify

4

Relating to an emperor or empire.

Imperial

5

System of departments and agencies that carry out the work of a government.

Bureaucracy

6

Educated official with a government position.

Scholar-official

7

Printing system developed by the ancient Chinese, in which wood blocks were carved with enough characters to print entire pages.

Wood-block printing

8

Small block of metal or wood with a single raised character, used for printing texts.

Moveable type

9

Hard white ceramic material, often called china.

Porcelain

10

Raised banks of earth having vertical or sloping sides and a flat top.

Terraces

11

Fierce nomadic warriors who lived in the plains northwest of China.

Mongols

12

Mongol leader who united the Mongol tribes and began a campain of conquest.

Genghis Khan

13

One of the parts of the Mongol Empire.

Khanate

14

Grandson of Genghis Khan who took power and gained control over all China.

Kublai Khan

15

Italian traveler in China.

Marco Polo

16

Group of walled palaces built for the Chinese emperor in the capital city of Bejing.

Forbidden City

17

Relating to the sea.

Maritime

18

Payment made in return for protection.

Tribute

19

Chinese admiral whose voyages greatly expanded China's foreign trade and reputation

Zheng He

20

People from northeast of China who conquered the Ming and began the last dynasty (the Qing) in Chinese history.

Manchus

21

Helping an enemy of one's own country.

Treason

22

Device used to determine geographic direction.

Compass

23

Separated from others

Isolated