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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (65):
0

William Henry Harrison was the first

Whig to enter office

1

WHH was elected mainly because of his

Strong military background and his evasiveness on volatile issues

2

Clay sought to rill Harrison's cabinet with

Friends he could manipulate

3

Before being president, Tyler served a long career in

A state legislator, governor, congressman, and senator.

4

Tyler could have been called an Old Republican because

He hated the american system, endorsed state's rights, a strict construction of the Constitution, and territorial expansion

5

John Tyler was a

Southerner first and foremost

6

Tyler broke away from the Democratic party because

Tyler believed South Carolina had every right to secede

7

Clay introduced a series of resolutions designed to

Supply the platform that the Whig party had evaded in the election. Clay proposed ending the Independent Treasury Act, and establishing a new Bank of the United States, and other aspects of the american system

8

Tyler responded by refusing the national bank but allowing the end of the Independent Treasury and a high tariff. What happened next?

Clay convinced Tyler's entire cabinet to resign and Tyler hired a bunch of anti-jackson democrats. This lead to even more violence and Tyker was expelled from both parties

9

Webster-Ashburton Treaty did what?

Provided for joint naval patrols off Africa to suppress the outlawed slave trade and also settled the contested boundary between Maine, where he got about 7/12 of it

10

What is manifest destiny?

God deemed that the US should extend itself from the Atlantic to the Pacific

11

How many Indians inhabited the Land in 1840?

325,000

12

Plains Indians were

Horse borne nomads

13

Pueblo Tribes were

Sophisticated farmers who lived in adobe villages along the rivers that irrigated their crops

14

The Apache and Navajo were

Warlike hunters who roamed the countryside in small bands and attacked Pueblos

15

Along the California coast, Indians

Gathered wild plants and acorns and were adapt to fishing in rivers and bays.

16

Pacific Northwest enjoyed

The most natural resources and temperate climate.

17

What did the white settlers do that threatened the Indians?

Kill buffalo

18

After Mexico became independent

Localism and corruption flourished and Americans were ready to take advantage of their instability

19

American fur traders streamed in to

New Mexico and Arizona for beaver

20

In 1848 Americans made up

Half of the non indian population in California

21

Fur traders were especially drawn to the

Vast watershed of the Missouri River

22

What is the rendezvous system?

Trappers, traders, and Indians from the Rocky Mountains gathered to trap pelts and hides

23

By 1849 the beavers

Were near extinct near the rovers

24

Mountain men

Abandoned civilization in pursuit of beaver pelts and revert to a primitive existence in the wilderness

25

Convention of 1818, the two countries had agreed to

A joint occupation

26

What caused Oregon fever?

Its fertile, soil, plentiful rainfall, and magnificent rainforests

27

Californians took comfort in the fact that Mexico City was so far away that it would

Exercise little control. Californians staged ten revolts against the Mexican government dispatched to lord over them

28

In 1824 Mexico passed a colonization act that granted

Hundred of rancho estates to Mexican settlers

29

John Sutter, a native of Switzerland built

New Helvetia, the baronial estate, worked by local Indians, became a magnet for America

30

In 1821, commerce between Mexico and US flourished with

The Santa Fe Trail to St. Louis

31

Amelia Knight had a diary of what horrors during the ride to the West?

Cholera, starvation, a grave every 80 yards

32

What was the Fort Laramie Treaty?

The government promised to provide an annual cash payment to the Indians as compensation for the damaged land. The Indians agreed to stop harassing whites, allowed federal forts to be built,mand confine themselves to a specific area

33

What did the Fort L. treaty foreshadow?

Reservation concept that would define Indian life

34

John Frémont did what thongs?

He found paths that mountain me showed him, mapped the eastern half of the Oregon Trail with Christopher Carson, he launched a molitary expedition which gained wide circulation and played a crucial role in prompting the mass migration of American settlers

35

Stephen F. Austin promised to

Create a buffer between the Comanches and the settlements to the South

36

The Law of April 6, 1830, outlawed

Further immigration into Texas and encouraged Mexicans to mograte North. Illegal immigrants started to come in

37

Santa Anna did what?

Opposed slavery and got rid of his cabinet, making him a dictator

38

Anna also wanted all Texans

Out, which later caused the war

39

The Alamo was led by

William B. Travis

40

What did the Texan Declaration of Independence declare?

An interim government

41

The entire of the Mexican army was killed in

The Battle of San Jacinto

42

The Lone Star republic did what?

Allowed slavery, no free blacks, drafted a Constitution,mand demanded annexation

43

There were only two choices for the struggling republic?

Join the US,mir close economic ties with Britain

44

Many white settlers were attracted to Texas because of the

Pro slavery laws snd low land prices

45

Calhoun supported annexation for the

Expansion of slavery

46

Solid Whig

Opposition was the reason Texas was not annexed

47

What did Polk do before being elected president?

He moved to Tennessee where he became a successful lawyer, enter politics early, and served 14 years on Congress and four yearsas speaker of the House. Two years at being governor

48

Polk was one of the few presidents who

Accomplished all of his major objectives (make USA a large power) and pledged he would serve one term

49

Abolitionism according to Polk would

Destroy the Union

50

Polk major objectives were to

Reduce tariffs on imports, reestablish the Independent Treasury, , resolving the Oregon boundary, and acquiring California from Mexico

51

The Walker Tariff of 1846

Slashed tariff rates

52

Twice Polk vetoed bills for

Federally funded projects

53

How dod Mexico react to the annexation?

They felt it as an act of aggression, and dispatched troops to the Rio Grande

54

The expansionists were willing to have war with Britain over

Oregon

55

The British government was unwilling to risk war over a

Remote wilderness territory for the profitable trade with the US. Called the Buchanan-Pakenham Traety

56

Polk ordered several thousand troops under

Zachary Taylor to take up positions in Corpus

57

Polk's scheme to provoke an attack

Worked, as Mexican soldiers killed US soldiers

58

Why was the north opposed to War?

Because they assumed that Polk wanted to expand slavery

59

Abraham Lincoln did what?

He introduced spot resolutions where he called President Polk to identify the spot where Mexico fired. It might be in Mexico soil.

60

Why was Winfield Scott scratched from the army?

He quarreled with Polk's secretary of war

61

How did Santa Anna return to power?

Polk assured that the US would pay any money from any Mexico territory. Santa Anna was permitted through the American blockade at Veracruz where he rose into power

62

The Battle of Buena Vista did what?

It was when neither side could take victory. Last major action on the central Mexican front, and Taylor could go home

63

Winfield Scott's army went on a

Similar strategy of Cortés and captured Mexico City

64

Treaty of Guadolope Hildago

Mexico gave up all claims to Texas above Rio Grande, New Mexico, and California