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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (25):
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Behavioral medicine

In interdisciplinary field that integrates behavior in medical knowledge in the plies that to health and diseases

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Health psychology

Subfield of psychology providing psychologies contribution to behavioral medicine

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Stress

The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, we appraise each stress as threatening or challenging

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Glucocorticoid

Stress hormones that help trigger fight or flight

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Cortisol

A specific type of stress hormone

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Han Selye

40 years of research, define stress as the major concepts it is today
Developed GAS

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General adaption syndrome

Selye's concept of the bodies adaptive response to stress, occurs in three stages – alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

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Alarm reaction

Send an activation of the sympathetic nervous system heart rate spikes blood is diverted to skeletal muscles feel faintness

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Resistance

Fight, temperature blood-pressure respiration remain high, sudden outpouring of hormones, is continued this will deplete your bodies reserves

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Exhaustion

More vulnerable to illness or even collapse and death

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Coronary heart disease

Clogging the vessels that nurse the heart muscle, leading cause of death in many developed countries

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Type a personality

Most reactive competitive hard driving inpatient time conscience is super motivated verbally aggressive and easily angered

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Type B personality

People were more easy-going

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Type a personality people are much more prone to heart problems than...

Type b

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Psychophysiological illness

Literally a mind – body illness, any stress related physical illness
For example, hypertension and headaches

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Lymphocytes

Two types of white blood cells that are a part of the immune system

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Type B lymphocytes

Form in the bone marrow and release antibiotics that fight bacterial infections

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Type T lymphocytes

Form in thymus and other lymphatic tissues, attack cancer cells, viruses, and other foreign substances

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Coping

Alleviating stress using emotional cognitive or behavioral methods

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Problem focused coping

Attempting to alleviate stress directly, changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor

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Emotion focused coping

Alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one stress reaction

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Aerobic exercise

Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness, also can alleviate depression and Anxiety

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Biofeedback

A system of recording amplifying and feeding back information about a subtle physiological response

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Complementary and alternative medicine

Focuses on methods such as acupuncture, massage therapy, homeopathic, spiritual healing, herbal remedies, chiropractic, and aromatherapy, does not focus on prescription drugs

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Macrophages

"Big eater "identifies, pursues, and ingests harmful invaders