Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (43):
1

Gastrointestinal tract

Continuous, coiled, hollow muscular tube that winds through the ventral body catvity and is opened at both ends

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Oral cavity

Mucous lined cavity

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Hard palate

Anterior roof

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Soft palate

Posterior roof

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Uvula

Projection of soft palate

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Lingual frenulum

Fold of mucous membrane

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Pharynx

Subdivided into: nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx

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Esophagus

Passageway that conducts food to the stomach

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Mucosa

Innermost layer of alimentary canal

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Submucosa

Found beneath mucosa

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Muscularis externa

Muscle layer typically made up of an inner curcular layer

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Serosa

Outermost layer of alimentary canal

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Visceral peritoneum

Continuous and slick with parietal peritoneum

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Parietal peritoneum

Lines abdominopelvic cavity by way of membrane extension

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Mesentery

Membrane extension

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Submucosal nerve

One of the intinsic nerve plexuses

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Stomach

Left side of the abmdominal cavity

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Cardioesophageal sphincter

Surrounded by a cardiac region

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Pyloric sphincter

Continuous with the small intestine

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Rugae

Large folds

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Greater curvature

Convex lateral surface of the stomach

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Lesser curvature

Convave medial surface of the stomach

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Lesser omentum

Double layer of peritoneum

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Greater omentum

Extentsion of peritoneum

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Small intestine

Body's major digestive organ, absorbs nutrients

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Ileocecal valve

Longest section of the alimentary tube

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Duodenum

First section of the small intestine

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Jejunum

Second section of the small intestine

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Ileum

Third section of the small intestine

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Pancreatic ducts

Complete chemical breakdown

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Bile duct

Same area as the duodenum

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Large intestine

5 feet long, dries out indigestible food

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Cecum

One of the subdivisions of large intestine

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Appendix

Ideal for bacteria

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Colon

2 parts

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Rectum

One of the last parts of the large intestine

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Anal canal

The very last part of the large intestine

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ascending colon

Travels up right side of intestine

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Transverse colon

Goes across intestine

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Descending colong

Goes down left side of intestine

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Simigoid colon

S shaped portion of intestine

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Liver

Filters out the blood

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Gall blader

Small thin-walled green sac