Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

psychology > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (59):
1

health psychology

study of 1) how behavior, thoughts and emotion can influence a persons physical health
2) how our physical health can influence our behaviors

2

what % of smokers and death of how many Canadians

21% and 6 million

3

what % of people has motive to quit after images on cig

40%

4

BMI is

weight in km over height in meters 2

5

healthy BMI

18.5-24.9

6

what percent of canadian people are obese

25%

7

what is the correlation .50-.90

hertitability and obesity

8

set point

our biological processes work to keep our weight at some genotically determined level

9

key factor

tendency to engage in physical activity

10

kids who watched food commercial during ad breaks for 30 min cartoon were

45% more snacks then children who watched non-food commercial

11

social cogitation

unintentional spreading of a behavior as a result of social interactions

12

what effect does being married have

longer life

13

what % are unmarried women and men to have heart disease, ect

women- 50%
men-250%

14

the stress response

refers to the physiological reactions that occur in stressful situations

15

the richard lazarus/ susan folkman

the cognitive appraisal theory of stress

16

primary appraisal

cognitive act of accessing and evaluating the potential threat/ demands of event

17

secondary appraisal

how to cope with the threat

18

most common stress in canada

work, personal safety, social relationships

19

% stress for death of spouse

100%

20

who came up with readajustment refing scale

holmes and rahe

21

collecting more than how many points in a year will cause illness

300

22

fight or flight response

a set of physiological changes that occur in response to psychological or physical threats

23

Hans Selye came up with what

general adaptation syndrome

24

general adaptation syndrome 3 steps

1) alarm phase- recognize threat
2) resistance- use physical or mental resources
3) exhaustion- when stressful situation depletes resources

25

ANS

autonomic nervous system

26

HPA

hypothalamic- pituitary adrenal axis

27

hypothalamic- pituitary adrenal axis

a neural and endocrine circuit that provdies communication between the nervous system ( the hypothalamus) and the endocrine system (pituitary and adrenal glands)

28

cortisol

hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex (outer part of the adrenal gland) that prepares the body to respond to stressful situation

29

men tend to do this in scary situation and women tend to do this

men- fight / flight
women- tend- befriend responses

30

oxytocin

stress sensitive hormone that is typically associated with maternal bonding and social relationship

31

psychneuroimmunology

study of the relationship between immune system/ nervous system functioning

32

oxytocin = what?

adrenocorticothrophic hormone + cortisol

33

vasopressin = what?

epinephrine + norepinephrine

34

higher levels of what mean faster healing and better marriage interaction

oxytocin and vasopressin

35

type A personality

people who tend to be impatient and worry about time, easily angered and competitive ( can lead to coronary heart disease)

36

type B personality

laid back and characterized by a patient, easy going and relaxed person (cortisol = eating bad food)

37

12,000 men across 9 years study

chronic stress places participants at 30% higher risk of heart disease

38

problem- faced coping

developing an action plan to meet the challenge that is the cause of stress

39

emotion- focused coping

engaging in strategies to reduce ones negative emotional reactions

40

who came up with positive psychology and what is it

Barbara Frederickson and it is to broaden and build theory of positive emotions
(neg = narrow attention)
(pos= broaden attention)

41

optimism

tendency to have favorable, constructive view on situations and to expect positive outcomes

42

pessimists

tend to have a neg perception of life and expect beg outcomes

43

pessimistic explanatory style

tendency to have neg perception and explain neg events as internally based

44

mayo clinic

optimistic in the 1960 were 19% more likely to be alive in 1990's (nun journal study, pos journal entry =live longer)

45

negative affectivity

tendency to respond to problems with a pattern of anxiety, hostility, and anger (neuroticism)

46

extraversion

coping and agreeableness

47

distancing

involves controlling neg emotional reactions to stressful events (conscintiousness and openess)

48

resilience

ability to effectively recover from illness or adversity (dr. Frankl)

49

Dr. Frankl

prisoners to survive must be positive

50

post-traumatic growth

capacity to grow and experience long term positive effects in response to negative events

51

post-traumatic growth steps

1- give wisdom and skill
2- realize how strong and capable they are
3-help them value life more

52

biofeedback

involves developing skill in controlling stress reactions by using recording devices to view ones physiological responses

53

brain-derived neurothrophic factor (BDNF)

protein in the nervous system that promotes survival, growth and info of new synapse

54

learned helplessness

an acquired suppression of avoidance or espace behavior in response to unpleasant, or uncontrollable circumstances

55

4 ways to help with stress

1) meditation
2) mindfullness-based stress (MBSD)
3) intergrated mind-body training reduction (IMBT)
4) exercise

56

compensatory control

physiological strategies people use to preserve a sense of non-random order when personal control is compromised

57

sprint before vocab test

20% better and higher levels of dopamine and BDNF

58

martin seligmen

dogs shock in harness, jump vs no jump
this is called learned helplessness

59

james pennebaker

60 laid off worker- writing emotional
other wrote future plans
-emotional writing were more likely to get job