Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (23):
1

Cybercrime

the theft or destruction of information using computers, networks, and the Internet

2

Information Technology (IT)

the use of computer networks and communications for education and commerce

3

Globalization

the creation of international markets, politics, and legal systems

4

Cybertheft

the use of computer technology to commit traditional crimes, such as fraud, and modern offences, such as identity theft

5

Cybervandalism

the use of computer technology for malicious purposes, such as bringing down business networks

6

Cyberwar

the use of computer technology and communications to disrupt networks of foreign governments

7

Cyberterrorism

an effort by covert forces to disrupt the intersection between the virtual electronic reality of computers and the physical world

8

Denial-of-service attack

an assault triggered when computers bombard a server with so many requests for service that it shuts down, usually as a result of computer bots controlled by viruses

9

Warez

the practice of illegally copying software and posting it on the Internet for others to use

10

Phising

the setting up of phony websites to gain access to people’s personal information

11

Vishing

similar to phising, this practice uses Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) software to access personal information

12

Etailing fraud

the selling of illegal or intentionally misrepresented goods over the Internet

13

Cyberespionage

the use of computer networks and communications to commit espionage, such as hacking into military, government, and industry computer systems

14

Transnational organized crime

unlike traditional organized crime, organized crime that operates across international boundaries, transporting people and stolen goods

15

Political crime

depending on the country, any action critical of, or in opposition to, the state

16

Election fraud

practices designed to undermine the fair procedures of a democratic election, such as buying votes

17

Espionage

spying against a foreign government, designed to undermine its industry or political system

18

State political crime

illegal actions by a state against its population or other sovereign governments

19

Terrorism

a wide variety of violent acts that have a political motivation; can be committed both against a state and by a state

20

Insurgents

people acting against their government, seeking to secure a revolution or disruption of the state

21

Genocide

an extreme form of state-sponsored terrorism, in which a government seeks to wipe out a minority group within the jurisdiction it controls

22

Terror cells

a structure often used by modern terrorist organizations, whereby no one member knows all the other members of the groups

23

Networks (Non-technical)

loosely organized terrorist organizations that lack a specific organizational structure