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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (23):
1

The earliest thought on organism stability were constructed by?

Plato and Aristotle

2

The individual that have is the theory of Acquired Characteristics

Lamarch

3

The individuals that gave us the theory of Natural Selection

Darwin and Wallace

4

Which of the following showed early theorists that some modification through time had taken place?

Fossil record

5

What category of modern science covers the position that DNA is in?

Biochemistry

6

Three parts of Darwin's theory

Variation, overpopulation, food fight

7

Which category of biological study reflects the close relation in vertebrates?

Embryology

8

The wings of birds and the wings of dragon flies are said to be?

Analogous

9

The flippers of whales and the wings of penguins are said to be?

Homologous

10

Organism that have small non functioning parts are?

Vestigial

11

Analogous structures

Cannot compare

12

Homologous structures

Can compare

13

What was Malthus' thinking?

Overpopulation

14

What was Lamarck's conclusion?

Species change over time

15

What are the three parts to the theory of natural selection

Variation, overpopulation, food fight

16

What is catastrophism

What supposedly explains layers of rock with embedded fossils

17

What does uniformitarianism state

Layers of rock and many other geological features can be explained by gradual process is that occurred in the past just as they do in the present

18

What does Darwins postulate 2 state

Many traits are inherited

19

What is comparative morphology

Swimming, grasping, etc.

20

Name the six "evolution supporters"

Fossil record, compared morphology, similarities, embryology, biochemistry, breeding programs

21

Directional selection

Extreme value of a trait, selects against average individuals

22

Stabilizing selection

Average size is favored

23

Disruptive selection

Favors individuals at both extremes of a trait