Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (48):
1

axill/o

armpit

2

cervic/o

neck

3

immun/o

immune, protection, safe

4

inguin/o

groin

5

lymph/o

lymph

6

lymphaden/o

lymph gland (node)

7

splen/o

spleen

8

thym/o

thymus gland

9

tox/o

poison

10

-cytosis

condition of cells, slight increase in numbers

11

-edema

swelling

12

-globulin

protein

13

-megaly

enlargement

14

-oid

resembling, derived from

15

-pathy

disease

16

-penia

deficiency

17

-phylaxis

protection

18

-poiesis

formation

19

-stitial

pertaining to standing or positioned

20

-suppression

stopping

21

ana-

again, anew

22

auto-

self, own

23

hyper-

above, excessive

24

inter-

between

25

retro-

behind, back, backward

26

AIDS

disorder in which the immune system is suppressed by exposure to HIV

27

Hodgkin's disease

malignant tumor of lymph nodes and spleen marked by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells in lymph nodes

28

lymphoid organs

tissue that produces lymphocytes -- spleen, thymus, tonsils, and adenoids

29

allergens

an antigen capable of causing allergy (hypersensitivity)

30

anaphylaxis

an extraordinary hypersensitivity to a foreign protein; marked by hypotension, shock, and respiratory distress

31

thymectomy

removal of a mediastinal organ (thymus)

32

hypersplenism

syndrome marked by enlargement of the spleen and associated with anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia

33

lymphedema

swelling of tissues due to interstitial fluid accumulation interferons

34

interferons

antiviral proteins secreted by T cells

35

cytotoxic T cells

T lymphocytes that directly kill foreign cells (T8 cells)

36

helper T cells

lymphocyte that aids B cells, also called T4 or CD4+ cell

37

immunoglobulins

antibodies produced by plasma cells-- IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM, IgD

38

ELISA

(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay): test to detect anti-HIV antibodies

39

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus; the retrovirus that causes AIDS

40

Kaposi sarcoma

a malignant condition associated with AIDS (purplish skin nodules appear)

41

plasma cells

transformed B cells that secrete antibodies

42

suppressor T cells

T cell lymphocytes that inhibit the activity of B and T cell lymphocytes (Tregs)

43

toxins

poisons (antigens)

44

CD4-lymphocytes

white blood cells that are destroyed by the AIDS virus

45

HAART

use of combinations of drugs to treat AIDS

46

PCP

pneumocystis pneumonia: major pneumonia that AIDS patients get

47

protease inhibitor

drug used to treat AIDS by blocking the production of a proteolytic enzyme

48

reverse transcriptase inhibitor

drug used to treat AIDS by blocking the growth of HIV