Chapter 14 & 15: Federal Bureaucracy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 & 15: Federal Bureaucracy Deck (44):
1

What is a revenue?

a state's annual income from which public expenses are met.

INCOME

2

What is a budget?

government document presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year that is often passed by the legislature, approved by the chief executive or president and presented by the Finance Minister to the nation.

3

Which branch has power when dealing with the budget and whose economic power is limited?

Congress and presidents is limited

4

Which branch of congress appropriates(gives money for a special purpose)?

HOE

5

Who are the major players in the budgetary congress?and what do they do?

President and the office of management and budget (OMB)
~produces presidents budget
~largest office within EOP

Congress and the congressional budget office (CBO)
~provides budget and economic info to Congress

6

How long does the budget process take? And what's the process?

Takes 18 months to create the federal budget

Must find s balance between mandatory and discretionary spending

7

Difference between mandatory and discretionary spending

Mandatory (entitlement) - has to be spent at a certain place
Ej: social security,Medicare,Medicaid

Discretionary - implemented through an appropriations bill
Optional part of fiscal policy

8

What is an appropriations bill?other names

Running bill
Supply bill
Authorizes the government to spend money
Sets monies aside for specific spending

9

Fiscal policy

The means by which a government adjusts its spending levels and tax rates to monitor and influence a nations economy

10

What is a bureaucracy?and what is its responsibility?

Systematic way of organizing a complex and large administrative structure.

Responsible for carrying out day to day tasks of the organization

11

Fun fact

Bureaucracy at the federal level is the largest in the u.s with over 2.8 million employees

12

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF BUREAUCRACY
Hierarchical authority
Job specialization
Formal rules

Similar to a pyramid

Workers have defined duties and responsibilities

Established regulations and procedures

13

History and growth of bureaucracy

Beginnings
Spoils system
Reform movements

~In the beginning Standards for office included qualifications & political acceptability
~SP:practice of giving offices & government favors to political supporters and friends
~RM:competitive exams were tried but failed due to inadequate funding from Congress

14

What is the Pendleton act?also called and when it was passed

Civil service Act of 1883

Passed after assassination of Garfield by a disappointed office seeker

Replaced the spoils system with a merit based system as basis for hiring and promotion instead of political affiliation

15

Hatch Act of 1939 ... When was it amended and who is exempt from it ? Which branch?

Amended in 1993

Prohibits gov employees from engaging in political activities while on duty or running for office

President VP

16

Civil service reform act of 1978 and what is replaced

Created the office of management to recruit train and establish classifications and salaries for federal employees

Replaced the civil service commission

17

How is the bureaucracy organized?

Cabinet departments
Independent executive agencies
Independent regulatory agencies
Government corporations

18

Red tape

Excessive bureaucracy or adherence to rules and formalities especially in public business
A series of actions or complicated tasks that seem unnecessary but that a government or organization requires you to do in order to get or do something

19

Cabinet departments
How many
Headed by who except which one?

15 executive departments

created to advise the president and operate a specific Area of government activity

Each department is headed by a a secretary (except) department of justice headed by attorney general

20

Independent executive agencies
Similar to which of the four bureaucratic organizations ? Ejemplos

Similar to cabinet without the status

Ej: NASA o small business administration

21

Independent regulatory agencies
What is it specifically independent from ?
What does the federal reserve board do and who is it appointed by?
Who funds and created all of these agencies

Independent from executive

Created to regulate or police
~SEC
~Nuclear regulatory commission
~Federal Reserve Board: runs our economy,Appointed by PRES
all agencies created and funded by congress

*can be impeached

22

Government corporations

Created by Congress to carry out business like activities
They charge for service
Ej: USPS , AMTRACK( train service)

23

INFLUENCE ON BUREAUCRACY
What influence does the executive have on the bureaucracy
What influence does congress have on the bureaucracy
Iron triangles(sub governments)
Issue networks
Difference between IO AND IN

EX:Appointing the right people , issuing executive orders affecting the agency budget , restructuring of the agency
CG:Influencing appointments, affecting the agency's budget , holding hearing , rewriting legislations or making legislation more detailed
IO:alliances that develop between bureaucratic agencies , interests groups and congressional committees or sub committees
IN:individuals in Washington located within the interest groups, congressional staff, think tanks , universities or media who regularly discuss and advocate public policy
DIFFERENCE: IN disband and form continually


24

Think tanks

Institutions affiliated with universities, governments , advocacy groups , foundations , non-governmental organizations, businesses that generate public policy research , analysis , and activity

*hire people to study public policy and issues

25

About presidents staff


FYI!!!

Presidents personal staff don't need SENATE approval to serve in their positions

Ej: press secretary

26

Executive Office of the President (EOP)
When it was established?
Organization?

Includes closest advisors to PRES

Established in 1939

Each president reorganized EOP to fit their
leadership style

Has several separate agencies

27

Agencies of EOP

White House Office
National Security Council
Office of Management and Budget
Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Office of Policy Development
Council of Economic Advisors
Office of U.S Trade Representative
Office of Administration
Office of VP


28

White House Office - agency

People

Personal and political staff members who help day to day management of the executive branch

Includes chief of staff(top;controls the rest of them)~needs political connections

Counsel to president

Press secretary

29

National security council - agency

Created when by what?
Chief director of who?
Is it a separate council or groups of different organizations or agencies?

Established by National Security Act of 1947

Advises president on matters of domestic and foreign national security

Chief director of FBI

Group

30

Office of Management and Budget - agency

Helps PRES prepare the annual federal budget

31

Office of Faith Based and Community Initiatives

Created by who?why?

Encourages and expands private efforts to deal with social problems

32

Office of National Drug Control Policy

Advisory and planning agency to combat the nations drug problem

33

Office of Policy Development

Gives PRES domestic policy advice

34

Council of Economic Advisors

Informs PRES about economic developments and problems

35

Office of U.S Trade Representative

Advises PRES about foreign trade and helps negotiate foreign trade agreements

36

Office of Administration

Provides administrative services to personnel of the EOP & gives direct support services to PRES

Ej: fielding telephone calls ,word processing, filing and faxing

Software skills

37

Office of VP

Consists of VP's staff

38

What are the executive departments?

State
Treasury
Defense
Interior
Justice
Agriculture

39

State - department

1789
advises PRES on foreign policy
Negotiates treaties
Represents U.S in international organizations

40

Treasury - department

*accountant
1789
Collects federal revenues
Pays federal bills
Mints coins and prints paper money
Enforces ATF laws

41

Defense - department

Formed from who?

1789

Formed from the Department of War and the Department of Navy (1789) in 1947

Manages the armed forces
Operates military bases

42

Interior - department

1849

Manages federal lands,refuges, and parks
Operates hydroelectric facilities
Manages Native American affairs

43

Justice - department

1870

Provides legal advise to PRES
Enforces federal laws
Represent the U.S in court
Operates federal prisons

44

Agriculture - department

1889

Provides agricultural assistance to farmers and ranchers

Inspects food

Manages national forests