Chapter 14 - Demeter Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 - Demeter Deck (38):
1

Genealogy of Demeter

Daughter of Cronus and Rhea
- sister of Zeus

2

Who is Demeter the mother of?

Persephone

3

Historical origins of Demeter

De- "Wheat"
Meter - "mother"

4

What is Demeter's roman name?

CERES
- hence "Cereal" because grain

5

Etymology of Persephone's name
Epithets

Unknown;

Epithets: "Kore" (daughter or girl)

6

Roman name for Persephone

Proserpina

7

Divine functions and Powers of Persephone

Fertility of Crops

8

Persephone and Demeter together are referred to as:

The two Demeters

or

the two goddesses

9

Rape definition (classical greek definition compared to today)

Rape in archaic sense of "seizure" or "abduction"

10

Who abducts persephone?

Hades

11

Who condones the abduction of Persephone?

Zeus

12

Who sees the abduction of Persephone?

Helius and Hecate

13

How does Demeter deal with her daughter's disappearance?

9 days of fasting, no bathing, torches at night to search

14

Demeter @ Eleusis: what is demeter disguised as when she takes refuge?

An old woman

15

Demeter @ Eleusis: where does Demeter take refuge?

Celeus' palace near the maiden well

16

Demeter @ Eleusis: who does Demeter become a nurse to?

Celeus and Metaeira's Son
- cheers him up with IAMBE
- "Demophoon"

17

Demeter @ Eleusis: Iambe definition

Lascivious jokes -
cf. iambic poetry

18

Demeter @ Eleusis: What does Demeter drink instead of wine?

Concoction of Barley and Mint
- KYKEON

19

Demeter @ Eleusis: What does Demeter feed Demophoon?

Nectar and Ambrosia

20

Demeter @ Eleusis: what is burned away at night in Demophoon?

Demophoon's mortal parts; However, she is caught in the act and revealed as a goddess.
Demands temple in her honour

21

Demeter @ Eleusis: what temple was brought up with Demeter's demands?

the Eleusinian Temple complex

22

Homeric Hymn to Demeter: Demeter withdraws due to Persephone

Famine comes upon the land

23

Homeric Hymn to Demeter: Zeus intervenes

- sends the gods to fetch demeter and to bring fertility back
- Hermes is sent to Hades to try and convince him to give back persephone

24

Homeric Hymn to Demeter: Hades Relents

- He says okay but secretly makes Persephone eat pomegranate seeds
- she is no longer innocent

25

Homeric Hymn to Demeter: Since Persephone ate the pomegranate seeds, what happens?

1/3 of year she will be in Hades
- relates to Adonis and the life cycle of plants

26

Eleusinian Mysteries established: What happens after Demeter restores fertility?

She establishes a mystery cult; secret initiation; promise of HAPPY AFTERLIFe

27

Eleusinian Mysteries established: Triptolemus; who was is?

Messenger of Demeter; pass on agricultural wisdom; merges with Demophoon
- Judge of Dead in Plato's story

28

Interpretation of Homeric Hymn: Agricultural allegory?

Hades = earth
Persephone = seed grain
- However does not work with winter wheat vs. kore returning in spring time

29

Interpretation of homeric Hymn: Structuralist interpretation

Great Goddess and Dying Lover - mother and daughter relationship

30

Ritualist interpretation of Homeric Hymn to Demeter:

Rite of passage for young girl

- Kore (daughter/girl)
- Parthenos (virgin)
Cf. Arranged Marriage and condoning of abduction

31

Ritualist Interpretation of homeric Hymn to Demeter:

Symbolic gesture behind pomegranate seeds

symbol of sexual union

32

The Eleusinian Mysteries:

Mystery Religion

- open to all people but have to be initiated
- provides etiology for word mystery

33

Greek word:

"Myo"

"To squint"

34

Greek word:

"Mystai"

"squinters"

or

"Initiates"

35

The Sanctuary of Demeter @ Eleusius:
The Telesterion, what was it?

The Hall of Initiation

36

The Sanctuary of Demeter @ Eleusius:
The Hierophant

The revealer of sacred things
- things said, things shown, things done
- Hiera = sexual intercourse
-Hiera = male and female genitialia

37

Kykeon definition

barley-meal, mint, and water

38

The Sanctuary of Demeter @ Eleusius:

3 stages of initiation

lesser mysteries - preliminary initiation
greater mysteries - full initiation
epopteia - the beholding