Chapter 14: Musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 14: Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14: Musculoskeletal Deck (117):
1

AKA

Above knee amputation

2

BKA

Below Knee Amputation

3

Fx

Fracture

4

CR

Closed reduction

5

CRIF

Closed reduction internal fixation

6

ORIF

Open reduction internal fixation

7

C1, etc.

Cervical vertebra

8

T1, etc.

Thoracic vertebra

9

L1, etc.

Lumbar vertebra

10

LS

Lumbosacral

11

MD

Muscular dystrophy

12

OA

Osteoarthritis

13

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

14

EMG

Electromyogram

15

ROM

Range of motion

16

Ht

Height

17

Wt

Weight

18

NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drug

19

Ortho

Orthopedics

20

OT

Occupational therapy

21

PT

Physical therapy

22

DO

Doctor of osteopathy

23

Ankyl/o

Stiff, bent

24

Aponeur/o

Aponeurosis

25

Arthr/o

Joint

26

Burs/o

Bursa

27

Carp/o

Carpals

28

Chondr/o

Cartilage

29

Clavic/o

Clavicle

30

Clavicul/o

Clavicle

31

Cost/o

Rib

32

Crani/o

Cranium

33

Disk/o

Invertebral disk

34

Femor/o

Femur

35

Fibul/o

Fibula

36

Humer/o

Humerus

37

Ili/o

Ilium

38

Ischi/o

Ischium

39

Kinesi/o

Movement, motion

40

Kyph/o

Hump

41

Lamin/o

Lamina

42

Lord/o

Bent forward

43

Lumb/o

Loin, lumbar region of the spine

44

Mandibul/o

Mandible

45

Maxill/o

Maxilla

46

Menisc/o

Meniscus

47

Myel/o

Bone marrow

48

My/o

Muscle

49

Myos/o

Muscle

50

Oste/o

Bone

51

Patell/o

Patella

52

Pelv/i

Pelvis, pelvic bone

53

Pelv/o

Pelvis, pelvic bone

54

Petr/o

Stone

55

Phalang/o

Phalanges

56

Pub/o

Pubis

57

Rachi/o

Vertebra, spine, vertebral column

58

Radi/o

Radius

59

Sacr/o

Sacrum

60

Scapul/o

Scapula

61

Scoli/o

Crooked, curved

62

Spondyl/o

Vertebra, spine, vertebral column

63

Stern/o

Sternum

64

Synovi/o

Synovia, synorial membrane

65

Tars/o

Tarsals

66

Tendin/o

Tendon

67

Tend/o

Tendon

68

Ten/o

Tendon

69

Tibi/o

Tibia

70

Uln/o

Ulna

71

Vertebr/o

Vertebra, spine, vertebral column

72

Inter-

Between

73

Supra-

Above

74

Sym-

Together, joined

75

Syn-

Together, joined

76

-asthenia

Weakness

77

-clasia

Break

78

-clasis

Break

79

-clast

Break

80

-desis

Surgical fixation, fusion

81

-physis

Growth

82

-schisis

Split, fissure

83

Abduction

Moving away from the midline

84

Adduction

Moving toward the midline

85

Alignment

Placing portions of bone into correct anatomical position

86

Ambulate

Able to walk, not confined to bed

87

Ambulatory

Pertaining to ambulate

88

Ankylosing spondylitis

Form of arthritis that first affects the spine and adjacent structures and that, as it progresses, causes a forward bend in the spine

89

Bunion

Abnormal prominence of the joint of the base of the great toe

90

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Common nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve

91

Chiropractic

System of treatment that consists of manipulation of the vertebral column

92

Chiropractor

Specialist in chiropractic

93

Colles fracture

Type of wrist fracture, at distal end, displaced backwards

94

Crepitus

Crackling sound heard when two bones rub against each other

95

Deformity

Distortion or disfigurement

96

Deformed

Distorted or disfigured

97

Dislocate

Temporary displacement of bone from normal position

98

Dislocation

Displaced bone

99

Eversion

Turning outward

100

Exostosis

Abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone

101

Extension

Movement in which bone is placed in a straight position, increasing angle

102

Flexion

Movement in whoch limb is bent

103

Fracture

Broken bone

104

Gout

Uric acid in blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in joints

105

Herniated disc

Rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage, which allows the contents to protrude through it, putting pressure on the spinal nerve roots.

106

Myasthenia gravis

Chronic disease characterized by muscle weakness thought to be caused by a defect in the transmission of impulses from nerve to muscle cell

107

Orthopedics

Musculoskeletal system

108

Orthotics

Making and fitting orthopedic appliances

109

Osteoclast

Type of bone cell involved in reabsorbtion and removal of bone minerals

110

Osteoporosis

Abnormal loss of bone density that may lead to an increase in fractures

111

Plantar fascitis

Inflammation of plantar fascia

112

Pronation

Movement that turns palm down

113

Rheumatology

Study and treatment of rheumatic diseases characterized by inflammation and degeneration of structures

114

Spinal stenosis

Narrowing of the spinal canal with compression of nerve roots

115

Spondylolisthesis

Forward slipping of one vertebra over another

116

Supination

Movement that turns palms up

117

Traction

Pulling force exerted on a limb in effort to return bone to normal position