Chapter 14 - Pharmacology and Medication Administration Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 - Pharmacology and Medication Administration Deck (14):
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Pharmacology

The study of the properties and effects of drugs and medications

1

Medication

A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain

3

Action

the effect a drug has on the body

4

Indications

the common reasons for using a medication to treat a specific condition

5

Contraindication

situations in which a medication should not be used

6

Side effects

the undesired effects of a medication

7

Forms of medication

Compressed powders or tablets
Liquids for injection
Gels
Suspensions
Fine powders for inhalation
Gas
Spray
Sublingual
Liquid that is vaporized

8

Five rights

Right patient
Right medication
Right dose
Right date/time
Right route

9

Administration routes

Oral
Sublingual
Inhaled
Intravenous
Intramuscular
Subcutaneous
Endotracheal
Intraosseous

10

Which medications are carried on an EMS unit?

oxygen
oral glucose
activated charcoal
aspirin

11

Which medications can an EMT administer or assist administering if prescribed for the patient?

inhaled broncho dilators
nitroglycerin
epinephrine

12

Which routes can an EMT administer medications by?

sublingual
oral
inhalation
injection

13

Dose

the amount of medication that is given to a patient at one time

14

Administration

the route and form by which a drug is given