Chapter 14 - Pharmacology Medication and Administration Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 14 - Pharmacology Medication and Administration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 - Pharmacology Medication and Administration Deck (28):
1

A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent a disease or condition

Drug

2

_________of a medication implies that the emt will actually take all of the steps necessary to give the patient the medication via an oral, injection, or inhalation route.

Administration

3

________ can use only glucose for energy.

Brain cells

4

Administered to the patient with a history of diabetes who is suspected of having a low blood glucose level. Absorbed in the mouth and through the intestines and eventually into the blood.

Oral glucose

5

_______ is a fine black powder that is designed to absorb, or bind, an ingested poison.

Activated charcoal

6

Generally defined as a drug or other substance that is used as a remedy for illness

Medication

7

______ is administered to a patient who is having chest discomfort or pain that is related to the lack of oxygen getting to the heart.

Aspirin

8

______ is administered to a patient who is having chest discomfort or pain that is related to the lack of oxygen getting to the heart. May keep the vessels that deliver blood to the heart from completely closing shut.

aspirin

9

_______used by a patient who has some type of respiratory disease. most often prescribed to patients with a history of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.

metered-does inhaler

10

drug that will cause the bronchioles to dilate, decreasing the airway resistance and increasing the airflow through the respiratory tract and into the alveoli

albuterol, levalbuterol

11

_____ is a medication that is used to treat cardiac patients with diseases of the coronary arteries that deliver blood to the heart. a vasodilator.

nitroglycerin

12

________ is a drug used to treat patients suffering from severe allergic reactions known as anaphylaxis.

epinephrine

13

describes the drugs chemical structure. it is usually the first name associated with the drug

chemical name

14

also referred to as the nonproprietary name, the name still reflects the chemical characteristic of the drug, but in a shorter form than the full chemical name. AKA the brand name.

generic name

15

also referred to as brand name, is assigned when the drug is released for commercial distribution.

trade name

16

commonly the generic name followed by the initials U.S.P or N.F.

official name

17

administration route where the medication is placed under the patients tongue

sublingual

18

administration route where the medication is prepared as a gas or aerosol and is inhaled by the patient.

inhalation

19

administration route where the drug is injected into a muscle mass.

intramuscular injection

20

_____ are geared toward the relief signs, symptoms or specific conditions--a direct therapeutic benifit derived from the administration of the drug. (why you would give it.)

indications

21

______ are situations in which the drug should not be administered because of potential harm that could be cause to the patient.

contraindications

22

the ____ indicates how much of the drug should be given to the patient.

dose

23

the _____ is, in general, the effect the drug has on the body

action

24

the ______ is the intended positive response by the body.

therapeutic effect

25

the ______ is how the drug works to create its effect on the body.

mechanism of action

26

drug actions that are not desired and that occur in addition to the desired therapeutic effects.

side effects

27

medication adinistration
the five "rights":

right Pt
right medication
right route
right dose
right date

28

following administration of a medication reassessment:

metal status
patency of airway
RR and quality
pulse rate and quality
skin color, temp, condition
BP
SpO2
change or relief of the CC
medication side effects
improvement or deterioration in the Pt condition following medication administration

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):