Flashcards in Chapter 14 - Pharmacology Medication and Administration Deck (28):
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent a disease or condition
_________of a medication implies that the emt will actually take all of the steps necessary to give the patient the medication via an oral, injection, or inhalation route.
________ can use only glucose for energy.
Administered to the patient with a history of diabetes who is suspected of having a low blood glucose level. Absorbed in the mouth and through the intestines and eventually into the blood.
_______ is a fine black powder that is designed to absorb, or bind, an ingested poison.
Generally defined as a drug or other substance that is used as a remedy for illness
______ is administered to a patient who is having chest discomfort or pain that is related to the lack of oxygen getting to the heart.
______ is administered to a patient who is having chest discomfort or pain that is related to the lack of oxygen getting to the heart. May keep the vessels that deliver blood to the heart from completely closing shut.
_______used by a patient who has some type of respiratory disease. most often prescribed to patients with a history of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.
drug that will cause the bronchioles to dilate, decreasing the airway resistance and increasing the airflow through the respiratory tract and into the alveoli
_____ is a medication that is used to treat cardiac patients with diseases of the coronary arteries that deliver blood to the heart. a vasodilator.
________ is a drug used to treat patients suffering from severe allergic reactions known as anaphylaxis.
describes the drugs chemical structure. it is usually the first name associated with the drug
also referred to as the nonproprietary name, the name still reflects the chemical characteristic of the drug, but in a shorter form than the full chemical name. AKA the brand name.
also referred to as brand name, is assigned when the drug is released for commercial distribution.
commonly the generic name followed by the initials U.S.P or N.F.
administration route where the medication is placed under the patients tongue
administration route where the medication is prepared as a gas or aerosol and is inhaled by the patient.
administration route where the drug is injected into a muscle mass.
_____ are geared toward the relief signs, symptoms or specific conditions--a direct therapeutic benifit derived from the administration of the drug. (why you would give it.)
______ are situations in which the drug should not be administered because of potential harm that could be cause to the patient.
the ____ indicates how much of the drug should be given to the patient.
the _____ is, in general, the effect the drug has on the body
the ______ is the intended positive response by the body.
the ______ is how the drug works to create its effect on the body.
mechanism of action
drug actions that are not desired and that occur in addition to the desired therapeutic effects.
the five "rights":