Chapter 14 Urinary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Urinary System Deck (114)
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1

The urinary system has two principle functions: excreting _________ and regulating the composition of _______.

wastes, blood

2

The urinary system has two principle functions: excreting _________ and regulating the composition of _______.

wastes, blood

3

The right kidney lies slightly _______ than the left kidney because the large right lobe of the _______ pushes it _______.

lower, liver, inferiorly

4

The kidneys move with respiration; on deep inspiration, both kidneys move _________ approximately 1 inch.

downward

5

Within the hilus of the kidney are other _______ structures, a ureter, and the _______.

vascular, lymphatics

6

A fibrous capsule called the ______ surrounds the kidney.

true capsule

7

Ouside of this fibrous capsule is a covering of ________.

perinephric fat.

8

The ________ fascia surrounds the perinephric fat and encloses the kdneys and adrenal glands.

perinephric

9

The renal fascia, known as _______ fascia, surrounds the true capsule and perinephric fat.

Gerota's

10

The medullary substance consists of a seris of striated conical masses, call the renal ______.

pyramids

11

A nephron consists of two main structures, a renal ________ and a renal _________.

corpuscle, tubule

12

Nephrons ________ the blood and produce _____.

filter, urine

13

The renal corpuscle consists of a network of capillaries, called the ________, which is surrounded by cuplike structure known as _________.

glumeulos, Bowman's capsule

14

Blood flows into the glomerulus through a small _________ arteriole and leaves the glomerulus through a(n) _______ arteriole.

afferent, efferent

15

There are three constrictions along the ureter's course: (1) _______, (2) _________, (3)__________.

where the ureter leaves the renal pelvis, where it kinks as crosses the pelvic brim, where it pierces the bladder wall

16

The main renal artery is a lateral branch of the aorta and arises just inferior to the __________ artery.

superior mesenteric

17

The renal vein drains into the ________ of the inferior vena cava.

lateral walls

18

The urinary system is located posterior to the peritoneum lining the abdominal cavity in an area called the __________.

retroperitoneum

19

The kidneys adjust the amounts of _______ and _________ leaving the body so that these equal the amounts of substances entering the body.

water, electrolytes

20

The principal metabolic waste products are _______, ________, and nitrogenous wastes.

water, carbon dioxide

21

Both urea and uric acid are carried away from the liver into the kidneys by the _______ system.

vascular

22

The presence of an acute infection causes _______, which is ________ in the urine; pyuria means there is _______ in the urine.

hematuria, red blood cells, pus

23

The pH refers to the strenght of the urine as a partly _______ or ______ solution.

acidic, alkaline

24

The _________ is the measurement of the kidney's ability to concentrate urine.

specific gravity

25

The specific gravity is especially _______ in cases of renal failure, glomerular nephritis, and pyelonephritis.

low

26

A decreased __________ occurs with acute hemorrhagic processes secondary to disease or blunt trauma.

hematocrit

27

Impairment of renal function and increased protein catabolism result in BUN _______ that is relative to the degree of renal impairment and rate of urea nitrogen excreted by the kidneys.

elevation

28

The renal parenchyma surrounds the fatty central renal sinus, which contains these five structures:

calycs, infundibula, pelvis, vessels and lymphatics

29

Dilation of the collecting system has also been noted in _________ patients, especially the right kidney.

pregnant

30

The __________ is the area from the renal sinus to the outer renal surface.

parenchyma