chapter 14 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 14 vocab Deck (13):
1

dual court system

system under which US citizens are subject to the jursidition of both national and state courts

2

class action suit

Lawsuit in which one or more persons sue on behalf of a larger people claiming the same injury

3

jurisdiction

The power of a court to hear and decide cases

4

appellate jurisdiction

the power of a court to recieve cases from trial courts for the purpose of reviewing whether rthe legal procedures wee followed properly

5

litigious

a tendency to file lawsuits

6

Rule of FOur

Requriement that a minimum of four justices must vote to review a lower court case by issuing a writ of certiorari

7

writ of certiorari

order issued by a superior court to one of the inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case (This means they want to review something from the lower court)

8

decision

the indication of which litigant the court supports and by how large a margin

9

opinions

The written arguments that state why a decsion was made

10

per curiam opinion

An unsigned opinion of the supreme court that usually signals a high degree of consensus

11

judicial activism

The beleif that the supreme court should make policy and vigorously review the policies of other branches

12

judicial resraint

The belief that the supreme court should not become involved in questioning the operations and policies of elected branches unless absolutely necessary

13

senatorial courtesy

In the selection of lower federal court judges, deference shown to home state senators who are the same party as the president