Chapter 14 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 vocab Deck (11)
1

rock

a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals of organic matter

2

erosion

the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another

3

composition

the chemical makeup of a rock; describes either the minerals or other materials in the rock

4

deposition

the process in which material is laid down

5

texture

the quality of a rock that is based on the sizes, shapes, and positions of the rock's grains

6

sedimentary rock

formed when mineral fragments, called clasts, are cemented together.

7

igneous rock

forms when hot liquid rock(magma) cools and solidifies.

8

cementation

the process when minerals are squeezed together due to the intense pressures

9

metamorphic rock

formed when rock is trapped underneath the earth's surface. Here it changes composition due to the intense pressures and extreme temperatures.

10

magma

hot, liquid rock

11

rock cycle

the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geological processes.