Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (114):
1

acetabul/o

acetabulum (hip socket)

2

ankyl/o

stiff

3

arthr/o

joint

4

articul/o

joint

5

burs/o

bursa (sac of fluid near joints)

6

calc/o

calcium

7

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel bone)

8

calci/o

calcium

9

carp/o

wrist bones (carpals)

10

cervic/o

neck

11

chondr/o

cartilage

12

clavicul/o

clavicle (collar bone)

13

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

14

cost/o

rib

15

crani/o

skull

16

fasci/o

fascia (membrane supporting muscles)

17

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

18

fibr/o

fiber

19

fibul/o

fibula

20

humer/o

humerus (upper arm bone)

21

ili/o

ilium

22

ischi/o

ischium (part of hip bone)

23

kyph/o

humpback, hunchback

24

lamin/o

lamina (part of vertebral arch)

25

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle

26

ligament/o

ligament

27

lord/o

curve, swayback

28

lumb/o

lowerback, loin

29

malleol/o

malleolus

30

mandibul/o

mandible (lower jaw bone)

31

maxill/o

maxilla (upper jaw bone)

32

metacarp/o

metacarpals (hand bones)

33

metatars/o

metatarsals (foot bones)

34

my/o

muscle

35

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

36

myocardi/o

myocardium (heart muscle)

37

myos/o

muscle

38

olecran/o

olecranon (elbow)

39

orth/o

straight

40

oste/o

bone

41

patell/o

patella

42

ped/o

child, foot

43

pelv/i

pelvis, hip region

44

perone/o

fibula

45

phalang/o

phalanges (of fingers and toes)

46

plant/o

sole of the foot

47

pub/o

pubis (anterior part of hip bone)

48

radi/o

radius (forearm bone - thumb side)

49

rhabdomy/o

striated (skeletal) muscle

50

rheumat/o

watery flow

51

sacr/o

sacrum

52

sarc/o

flesh (connective tissue)

53

scapul/o

scapula, shoulder blade

54

scoli/o

crooked, bent

55

spondyl/o

vertebra (backbone)

56

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

57

synov/o

synovial membrane

58

tars/o

tarsals, tarsus

59

ten/o

tendon

60

tendin/o

tendon

61

thorac/o

chest

62

tibi/o

tibia (shin bone)

63

uln/o

ulna (medial lower arm bone)

64

vertebr/o

vertebra (backbone)

65

-algia

pain

66

-asthenia

lack of strength

67

-blast

embryonic, immature cell

68

-clast

to break

69

-desis

bind, tie together

70

-emia

blood condition

71

-listhesis

slipping

72

-malacia

softening

73

-penia

deficiency

74

-physis

to grow

75

-plasty

surgical repair

76

-porosis

pore, passage, condition of pores (spaces)

77

-stenosis

tightening, stricture

78

-tome

instrument to cut

79

-trophy

nourishment, development (condition of)

80

a-, an-

no, not, without

81

ab-

away from

82

ad-

towards

83

dia-

complete, through

84

dorsi-

back

85

epi-

above, upon, on

86

exo-

out, away from

87

hyper-

above, excessive

88

meta-

change, beyond

89

peri-

surrounding

90

poly-

many, much

91

sub-

under, below

92

supra-

above, upper

93

sym-

together, with

94

extension

straightening out a limb or joint

95

rotation

circular movement around an axis

96

flexion

bending a limb

97

adduction

movement toward the midline

98

supination

turning the palm up

99

abduction

movement away from the midline

100

pronation

turning the palm down

101

dorsiflexion

backward (upward) bending of the foot (point foot up)

102

plantar flexion

bending the sole of the foot downward (point foot down)

103

rheumatoid factor test

test for presence of an antibody found in the serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis

104

bone scan

radioactive substance is injected and traced in dense, hard connective tissue

105

muscle biopsy

removal of a soft connective tissue for microscopic examination

106

arthroscopy

visual examination of a joint

107

acetylcholine

chemical found in myoneural space [neurotransmitter between end of the nerve and the muscle (nerve tells muscle to contract)]

108

calcium

substance necessary for proper bone development

109

arthrography

process of taking x-ray pictures of a joint

110

clavicle

collar bone

111

scapula

shoulder blade

112

sternum

breastbone

113

carpals

wrist

114

patella

knee cap