Chapter 15 - Hades Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Hades Deck (44):
1

Hades- greek definition

unseen; invisible
- also refers to his realm
- house of hades

2

Pluto - greek definition

"Wealth"; "the enricher"

3

Roman Name for Hades

"Dis"; "Dives" - wealth
sometimes "Orcus" - "the place that confines"

4

Persephone

Queen of the underworld

5

Latin for Persephone

Proserpina

6

Epithets for Hades: Zeus Katahthonius Definition

Underground Zeus

7

Epithets for hades: Polyxenos Definition

"Host to many."

8

Epithets for Hades: Polydegmon definition

"Receiver of many"

9

Greek view of Death

Psyche separated from Soma;

10

Psyche Greek definition

originally defined as "breath" but then became "Soul"
Latin = anima "soul" "spirit"
Greek = anemos "wind"

11

Soma definition

body; L. CORPUS

12

Homer's Odyssey Book 11 is also called

Nekuia ; "book of the dead"
and involves the summoning of corpses / ghosts

13

Odysseus' DESCENT INTO UNDERWORLD is also called

Odysseus' KATABIS

14

Where does Odysseus start his descent into the underworld? his katabis if you will? into perdition?

- Entrance is farthest reaches of Oceanus

15

Where do Shades/ Souls arise from?

Erebus (Darkness)
- another name for Hades

16

What do Shades require for strength?

liquid

17

Odyssey: Odysseus and Elpenor "Unwept and Unburied"

- old ship mate is seen in underworld
- unburied, thus his soul cannot move on

18

Odyssey: Odysseus and Tiresias

Tiresias - "blind man"
tells Odysseus that spirits must drink from blood to speak with him

19

Odyssey: Odysseus and Anticleia

Tries to embrace mother and fails 3x
- gives her blood so that she may recognize her

20

Who is Anticleia?

Odysseus' mother

21

Odyssey: Odysseus and Achilles

- even such an amazing hero such as Achilles ends up in the gloomy under world
"Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven."

22

Odyssey: Odysseus and Ajax

Ajax was one who rescued Achilles' corpse
- Odysseus awarded armour of achilles
- Ajax goes berserk and tries to kill generals
- kills sheep instead
- kills himself after out of shame

23

What abstract concept did Plato's Myth of er (the republic, book 10) introduce?

MORALITY

24

In Plato's The Republic, how long is the life cycle after death?

1000 years

25

"Metempsychosis"

transmigration of souls (where they choose new lives)
- necessity and the 3 fates (offering new lives and choices)

26

During "Metempsychosis" who tosses out the different choices of lives?

Lachesis

27

Metempsychosis: Whose ultimate choice is it to pick a different life?

Each different soul

28

Metempsychosis: Which river do souls drink from?

Lethe : the river of oblivion

29

Aeneas' Katabis: What book is this in?

Vergil's Aeneid

30

Aeneas' Katabis: What is the golden bough and why is it significant?

Aeneas requires the bough to go to the underworld
- it's a special branch from a special tree that is sacred to Proserpina
- accomponied by Cumaean Sibyl

31

Aeneas' Katabis: Where is the opening to the underworld?

Lake Avernus at Cumae

32

Aeneas' Katabis: Aeneas and Cumaean Sibyl - order of interactions and encounters

First encounters personified abstractions

- then monsters of all kinds

33

Aeneas' Katabis: Aeneas and Cumaean, after encounters, where do they go?

River of Acheron - sorrowful river - boundary of Dis/Hades' realm

34

Aeneas' Katabis: Who is the ferryman of the dead?

Charon - help souls travel across River Styx
-

35

Aeneas' Katabis: What does Styx mean in Greek?

Hateful

36

Tartarus: What is this an analogue of?

Hell
- all sinners are punished

37

Tartarus: What surrounds Tartarus?

River Phlegethon (flaming)

38

Tartarus: who guards the entrance of Tartarus?

Tisiphone - one of the furies

39

Tartarus: What does Tisiphone mean?

Punisher

40

Tartarus: Who is Rhadamanthus?

One of the judges of the sinners in Tartarus

41

Tartarus: 3 judges

Minos, Aecus, and Rhadamthus

42

Tartarus: Who are the great sinners?

Tityus and Tantalus

43

Tartarus: The Great Sinners - what did Tityus do?

Tried to Rape Leto
- Eternal punishment bound and has his liver eaten by vultures

44

Tartarus: The Great Sinners - What did Tantalus do?

- Tested gods; murdered his son and tried to eat him
- Eternal punishment of being hungry and thirsty
- aitia for word "tantalized"