Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Hades Deck (44):
Hades- greek definition
- also refers to his realm
- house of hades
Pluto - greek definition
"Wealth"; "the enricher"
Roman Name for Hades
"Dis"; "Dives" - wealth
sometimes "Orcus" - "the place that confines"
Queen of the underworld
Latin for Persephone
Epithets for Hades: Zeus Katahthonius Definition
Epithets for hades: Polyxenos Definition
"Host to many."
Epithets for Hades: Polydegmon definition
"Receiver of many"
Greek view of Death
Psyche separated from Soma;
Psyche Greek definition
originally defined as "breath" but then became "Soul"
Latin = anima "soul" "spirit"
Greek = anemos "wind"
body; L. CORPUS
Homer's Odyssey Book 11 is also called
Nekuia ; "book of the dead"
and involves the summoning of corpses / ghosts
Odysseus' DESCENT INTO UNDERWORLD is also called
Where does Odysseus start his descent into the underworld? his katabis if you will? into perdition?
- Entrance is farthest reaches of Oceanus
Where do Shades/ Souls arise from?
- another name for Hades
What do Shades require for strength?
Odyssey: Odysseus and Elpenor "Unwept and Unburied"
- old ship mate is seen in underworld
- unburied, thus his soul cannot move on
Odyssey: Odysseus and Tiresias
Tiresias - "blind man"
tells Odysseus that spirits must drink from blood to speak with him
Odyssey: Odysseus and Anticleia
Tries to embrace mother and fails 3x
- gives her blood so that she may recognize her
Who is Anticleia?
Odyssey: Odysseus and Achilles
- even such an amazing hero such as Achilles ends up in the gloomy under world
"Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven."
Odyssey: Odysseus and Ajax
Ajax was one who rescued Achilles' corpse
- Odysseus awarded armour of achilles
- Ajax goes berserk and tries to kill generals
- kills sheep instead
- kills himself after out of shame
What abstract concept did Plato's Myth of er (the republic, book 10) introduce?
In Plato's The Republic, how long is the life cycle after death?
transmigration of souls (where they choose new lives)
- necessity and the 3 fates (offering new lives and choices)
During "Metempsychosis" who tosses out the different choices of lives?
Metempsychosis: Whose ultimate choice is it to pick a different life?
Each different soul
Metempsychosis: Which river do souls drink from?
Lethe : the river of oblivion
Aeneas' Katabis: What book is this in?
Aeneas' Katabis: What is the golden bough and why is it significant?
Aeneas requires the bough to go to the underworld
- it's a special branch from a special tree that is sacred to Proserpina
- accomponied by Cumaean Sibyl
Aeneas' Katabis: Where is the opening to the underworld?
Lake Avernus at Cumae
Aeneas' Katabis: Aeneas and Cumaean Sibyl - order of interactions and encounters
First encounters personified abstractions
- then monsters of all kinds
Aeneas' Katabis: Aeneas and Cumaean, after encounters, where do they go?
River of Acheron - sorrowful river - boundary of Dis/Hades' realm
Aeneas' Katabis: Who is the ferryman of the dead?
Charon - help souls travel across River Styx
Aeneas' Katabis: What does Styx mean in Greek?
Tartarus: What is this an analogue of?
- all sinners are punished
Tartarus: What surrounds Tartarus?
River Phlegethon (flaming)
Tartarus: who guards the entrance of Tartarus?
Tisiphone - one of the furies
Tartarus: What does Tisiphone mean?
Tartarus: Who is Rhadamanthus?
One of the judges of the sinners in Tartarus
Tartarus: 3 judges
Minos, Aecus, and Rhadamthus
Tartarus: Who are the great sinners?
Tityus and Tantalus
Tartarus: The Great Sinners - what did Tityus do?
Tried to Rape Leto
- Eternal punishment bound and has his liver eaten by vultures