Chapter 15 Human Rights and how to protect them Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Human Rights and how to protect them Deck (20):
1

Human rights are ________ claims to certain freedoms and to certain entitlements

universal

2

The term for those who think that the public sphere of governance should be as small as possible

liberals

3

The right to life, liberty and happiness can be categorised as ___________ rights

negative

4

Liberals (those who believe in liberalsim) believe in _________ government

limited

5

The right to education and health are examples of _________ rights

positive

6

__________ generation, or 'positive rights', emerged in the ______ century

Second, 20th

7

Apart from civil rights, identify three other classifications of human rights

political, economic, social, cultural and legal

8

All rights have four key characteristics and must all be included

universal, interdependent, indivisible, inalienable

9

'Superior' law, is also referred to as ________ law

constitutional

10

Rights which may be discovered by a judge in a Constitution

implied

11

When judges have the final say on law, this is referred to as 'judicial __________ '

supremacism

12

The most flexible rights protection are ______ ______ rights

common law

13

The vulnerability of common law rights to ________ is its greatest disadvantage

parliament

14

International law has _____ force, but no legal force

moral

15

Name the UN body dedicated to human rights

UNHRC

16

Name the UN agency focused on the rights of those fleeing persecution and seeking refuge

UNHCR

17

The most important agreement of the UN negotiated on human rights

UDHR

18

Name the Australian statute which gives effect to ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination

Racial Discrimination Act 1975

19

A bill of rights can be based on either of two principles. Name them.

parliamentarianism OR judicial supremacism

20

The form of parliamentarianism evident in the Victorian, ACT and New Zealand statutory bills of rights

constrained