Chapter 15- Japan and etc. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15- Japan and etc. Deck (25):
0

Japan's original religion; involves worshipping gods believed to be found in nature.

Shinto

1

Form if Buddhism that focuses on self-discipline, simplicity, and meditation.

Zen

2

Japanese form of poetry that has 17 syllables arranged in lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables.

Haiku

3

Noble who had large landholdings and a private army.

Daimyo

4

Professional soldiers of Japan.

Samurai

5

Person in feudal society who received land and protection in turn of loyalty.

Vassal

6

Japanese military leaders who ruled on the emperor's behalf.

Shogun

7

Kingdom on Korean Peninsula, established in the 900s, from which present day Korea takes its name.

Koryo

8

Ceramic pottery with a thin blue or green glaze perfected in Korea.

Celadon

9

Empire that began in the 500s any had gained control of much of mainland Southeast Asia by the 800s.

Khmer Empire

10

Temple complex built on the Indochinese Peninsula in the 1100s, the world's largest religion structure.

Angkor Wat

11

Independent kingdom established by the Vietnamese after they drove the Chinese from the Indochinese Peninsula in the 900s.

Dai Viet

12

Muslims from Central Asia who conquered northern India in the 1500s.

Mughals

13

General who led the Mughal conquest of northern India.

Babur

14

Mughal emperor who showed wisdom in governing his empire.

Akbar

15

Weak Mughal emperor; the son of Akbar.

Jahangir

16

Wife of Mughal emperor Jahangir; held the true power during her husbands reign.

Nur Jahan

17

Jahangir's son, who became the emperor of the Mughal Empire in 1628.

Shan Jahan

18

Beautiful tomb built by Shan Jahan to honor his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Taj Mahal

19

Shan Jahan's son, who became emperor in 1658.

Aurangzeb

20

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21

Founder of the Ottoman Empire in Asia Minor in the early 1300s.

Osman

22

Imperial council that advised the sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

Divan

23

Sultan of the Ottoman Empire in the 1500s who organized an effective legal code.

Suleyman 1

24

Members of an elite fighting force in the Ottoman Empire made up mainly of slaves.

Janissaries