Chapter 15 Nervous System Behavioral Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Nervous System Behavioral Health Deck (22):
1

Psychiatrist

Physician who studies and treats disorders of the mind

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Psychiatry

Specialty of the mind, treatment of mental disorders

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Psychogenic

Originating in the mind

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Psychologist

Specialist of the mind

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Psychology

Study of the mind, dealing with the mind and mental processes in relation to human behavior

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Pyschopathy

Any disease of the mind

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Psychosis

Abnormal condition of the mind, major mental disorder characterized by extreme derangement, often with delusions and hallucinations

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Psychosomatic

Pertaining to the mind and body, and interrelations of

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Anorexia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by a disturbed perception of body image resulting in failure to maintain body weight, intensive fear of gaining weight, pronounced desire for thinness and amenorrhea in females

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Anxiety disorder

Emotional disorder characterized by feelings of apprehension, tension, or uneasiness arising typically from the anticipation of unreal or imagined danger

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Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Disorder of learning and behavior problems characterized by marked inattentive, distractibility, impulsiveness and hyperactivity

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Autism

Spectrum of mental disorders, onset during childhood or infancy, preoccupation with subjective mental activity, inability to interact socially, and impaired communication

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Bipolar disorder

Major psychological disorder typified by a disturbance in mood. The disorder is manifested by manic and depressive episodes that may alternate or effects of both may occur simultaneously.

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Bulimia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by uncontrolled binge eating followed by purging

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Major depression

Mood disturbance characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, discouragement, hopelessness, lack of joy, altered sleep patterns, and difficulty with decision making and daily function.

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Obsessive compulsive disorder

Disorder characterized by intrusive, unwanted thoughts that result in the tendency to perform repetitive acts or rituals (compulsions) usually as a means of releasing anxiety or tension

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Panic attack

Episode of sudden onset of acute anxiety, occurring unpredictably, with feelings of acute apprehension, dyspnea, dizziness, sweating, and/or chest pain, depersonalization, paresthesia and fear of dying, loss of mind or control

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Phobia

Marked and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable caused by the presence or anticipation of a specific situation or object

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Pica

Compulsive eating of nonnutritive substances such as clay or ice. The condition is often a result of iron deficiency.

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Post traumatic stress disorder

Disorder characterized by a chronic, debilitating emotional response to a traumatic event perceived as life threatening or severe emotional stress. May because by exposure to repeated physical or emotional trauma, military combat, natural disasters or serious accidents. Symptoms include anxiety, sleep disturbance, nightmares, difficulty concentrating and depression.

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Schizophrenia

Any of one of a large group of psychotic disorders characterized by gross distortions or reality, disturbance of language and communication, withdrawal from social interaction, and the disorganization and fragmentation of thought, perception, and emotional reaction

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Somatoform disorders

Disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no known physical cause exists

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