Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders Deck (33)
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1
Q

Rare or unusual behaviors that deviate from the average within a population.

A

Statistical deviance

2
Q

Behavior violates cultural norms.

A

Cultural deviance

3
Q

High levels of “negative” emotions.

A

Emotional distress

4
Q

Inability to perform normal functions.

A

Dysfunction

5
Q

High intelligence.

A

Statistical

6
Q

Spirit possession as part of religious rituals.

A

Cultural

7
Q

Legal term

A

Insanity

8
Q

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

A

What is the DSM?

9
Q

They can make it difficult to recognize normal behavior when it occurs.

A

Diagnostic labeling effects

10
Q

Marked by excessive apprehension, worry, or fear.

A

Anxiety disorders

11
Q

Prolonged, disabling disruptions in emotional state.

A

Mood disorders (Depressive & Bipolar)

12
Q

Complex disorder marked by disruptions in cognition, emotion & behavior.

A

Schizophrenia

13
Q

Characterized by separation, or dissociation, of conscious awareness from previous thoughts or memories.

A

Dissociative disorders

14
Q

A discrete period of intense fear or discomfort, peaking within 10 minutes.

A

Panic Attack

15
Q

Frequent & unexpected panic attacks.

A

Panic disorder

16
Q

Often comorbid with panic disorder.

A

Agoraphobia

17
Q

Long-lasting preoccupation with idea that one has a serious disease, based on misinterpretation of normal body reactions.

A

Hypochondriasis

18
Q

Long-lasting preoccupation with body symptoms that have no physical cause.

A

Somatization disorder

19
Q

Real physical problems that seem to have no physical cause.

A

Conversion disorder

20
Q

Inability to remember important personal information.

A

Dissociative amnesia

21
Q

Individual alternates between what appear to be two or more distinct identities or personalities.

A

Dissociative Identity Disorder

22
Q

Severe depression & severe mania.

A

Bipolar I

23
Q

Severe depression & hypomania.

A

Bipolar II

24
Q

Milder depression & hypomania.

A

Cyclothymia

25
Q

One possible consequence of mood disorders, including bipolar disorder.

A

Suicide

26
Q

presence of well-organized delusions of persecution or grandeur.

A
  1. Paranoid
27
Q

highly disturbed movements or actions.

A
  1. Catatonic
28
Q

extremely disorganized behavior.

A
  1. Disorganized (hebephrenic)
29
Q

person presents a combination of positive & negative symptoms that does not fit the other categories.

A

Undifferentiated

30
Q

Chronic, enduring patterns of behavior leading to significant impairment in social functioning.

A

Personality Disorders

31
Q

It’s my fault

A

Internal

32
Q

I always do it

A

Stable

33
Q

I ruin everything

A

Global