Flashcards in Chapter 15 Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (56):
An interaction between a therapist and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem.
Treatment that draws on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and the problem.
The most widely used approach to psychotherapy is ___ psychotherapy.
A general approach to treatment that explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems.
A reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material.
Free Association in Psychodynamic Therapy
Client tells every thought that enters their mind, without censorship.
Dream Analysis in Psychodynamic Therapy
Dreams are treated as metaphors that symbolize unconscious conflicts or wishes that contain disguised clues that the therapist can help the client understand.
Interpretation in Psychodynamic Therapy
The process by which the therapist deciphers the meaning underlying what the client says and does.
Analysis of Resistance
In the process of "trying on" different interpretations of the clients' thoughts and actions, the therapist may find a certain interpretation that the client finds particularly unacceptable. This resistance can be analyzed to confront hidden issues.
Jung and the Collective Unconscious
Culturally determined symbols and myths that are shared among all people that could serve as a basis for interpretation beyond sex or aggression.
When the analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies.
Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)
A form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships.
A type of therapy that assumes that disordered behaviour is learned and that symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviours into more constructive behaviours.
A form of behaviour therapy in which clients are given "tokens" for desired behaviours, which they can later trade for rewards.
An approach to treatment that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response.
A procedure in which a client relaxes all the muscles of his or her body while imagining being in increasingly frightening situations.
A form of psychotherapy that involves helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, and the world.
A therapeutic approach that teaches clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions, and predictions that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs.
Teaches an individual to be fully present in each moment, to be aware of his or her thoughts, feelings, and sensations, and to detect symptoms before they become a problem.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
A blend of cognitive and behavioral therapeutic strategies.
An approach to therapy that assumes all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist.
What are the two well-known types of humanistic/existential therapies?
Person-Centered (humanistic) and Gestalt (existential).
Three basic qualities that need to be exhibited by those who practice person-centered therapy:
Congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard.
An existential approach to treatment with the goal of helping the client become aware of his or her thoughts, behaviours, experiences, and feelings and to "own" or take responsibility for them.
Focusing and empty chair technique are characteristics of ___ therapy.
Therapy in which multiple participants (who often do not know one another at the outset) work on their individual problems in a group atmosphere.
Medications that are used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders.
The study of drug effects on psychological states and symptoms.
Typical or Conventional Drugs
A condition of involuntary movements of the face, mouth, and extremities.
Drugs that help reduce a person's experience of fear or anxiety.
Most common antianxiety medications are ___, which deal with the hormone ___.
What does MAOI stand for?
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor.
A class of drugs that help lift people's moods.
Trofranil and Elavil are ___.
Trofranil and Elavil work by blocking the reuptake of ___ and ___.
Norepinepherine and serotonin.
What does SSRI stand for?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors.
What is the most commonly prescribed kind of antidepressants
Prozac, Celexa, and Paxil are ___.
SNRI's differ from SSRI's in that they also deal with the reuptake of ___.
Medications used to suppress swings between mania and depression.
Lithium is associated with ___ and ___ problems.
Thyroid and kidney.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
A treatment that involves inducing a mild seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain.
ECT is used to treat ___ and ___.
Depression and mania.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
A treatment that involves placing a powerful pulsed magnet over a person's scalp,which alters neuronal activity in the brain.
A therapy that involves repeated exposure to bright light.
The surgical destruction of specific brain areas.
The tendency of symptoms to return to their mean or average level.
Nonspecific Treatment Effects
Unrelated to the specific mechanisms by which treatment is supposed to be working.
An inert substance or procedure that has been applied with the expectation that a healing response will be produced.
Evaluate whether a particular treatment works.
Answer questions regarding why a treatment works, or under what circumstances it works.
Two levels of empirical support:
Well-established treatments and Probably efficacious treatments.
A disorder of symptom that occurs as a result of a medical or psychotherapeutic treatment itself.