Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Vocabulary Deck (23)
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Developed the Psychoanalytic Theory - the first comprehensive theory of personality, which included the unconscious mind, psychosexual stages, and defense mechanisms.
In psychoanalysis, a method for exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says what comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives.
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware.
Contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle demanding immediate gratification.
The largely conscious, "executive" part of the personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality.
The part of the personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement and for future aspirations.
The childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital) during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
According to Freud, a boy's sexual desire toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.
The process which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos.
According to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
In psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by distortion of reality.
The basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness.
A defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated.
A defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches acceptable and unacceptable thoughts into their opposites.
A defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
A defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions.
A defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet.
Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history.
A personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projections of one's inner dynamics.
Thematic Appreciation Test
A projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes.