Chapter 16-17: Blood Vessels and the Lymphatic System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16-17: Blood Vessels and the Lymphatic System Deck (85)
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1

What is the name given to the neurons that monitor carbon dioxide levels in the blood and are located in the carotid and aortic arteries

Chemoreceptors

2

A __1___ blood vessel with a ___2___ diameter would have the greatest resistant to blood flow.

1. Long
2. Small

3

Pulmonary circulations goes from ___1___ to the ___2__.

1. Right Ventricle
2. Left Atrium

4

Which blood vessels contain blood with the highest oxygen content

Pulmonary Veins

5

From which major blood vessel do all systemic blood vessels branch?

Aorta

6

Which circulatory route brings blood to tissues and back to the heart?

Systemic

7

Which circulatory path carries blood rich in substances absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract

Hepatic portal

8

___1___ ____2____ the heart have the lowest blood pressure

1. Veins
2. Closest to

9

Vascular resistance is primarily due to which factor

Friction between blood walls

10

In fetal circulation which structure connects the fetal pulmonary trunk to the aorta allowing much blood to bypass the lungs

Ductus arteriosclerosis

11

When the left ventricle contracts what term is given to pressure in the arteries that is generated

Systolic

12

Stimulation of the _______ would cause heart rate to decrease

Vagus Nerve

13

In the fetus what is the opening that allows blood to pass directly from the right atrium to the left atrium

Foramen Ovale

14

With aging cardiac muscle fibers ______ in size

Decrease

15

Defenses of the body that are present at birth are referred to as_______ immunity.

Innate

16

The fetal circulation differs from the adult circulation because of which organ system that is nonfunctional

Respiratory

17

As blood passes through the inferior and superior Vena Cava to the lungs, it moves through the ___1___ to the ___2___ and out through the ___3___.

1. Right Atrium
2. Right Ventricle
3. Pulmonary trunk

18

Carry blood away from the heart

Arteries

19

Vessels with high blood pressure

Arteries

20

Vessels with the fastest flow

Arteries

21

Vessels that exchange food and waste between blood and tissue

Capillaries

22

Vessels that return interstitial fluid to the blood stream

Lymphatic vessels

23

Where is the cardiovascular center located

Medulla

24

Vessels with slowest blood flow

Capillaries

25

Vessels with thick muscle layer

Arteries

26

Vessels with very thin walls; only have a single layer of cells

Capillaries

27

Vessels with the smallest internal diameter

Capillaries

28

Vessels with very thin muscle layer

Veins

29

Vessels that exhibit a pulse

Arteries

30

Vessels that bring blood to almost every cell in the body

Capillaries