Chapter 16-18 (reverse) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16-18 (reverse) Deck (27):
1

Energy produced from moving water and is a renewable resource accounting for about 20% of the world's electricity.

Hydroelectric Energy

2

The energy from heat in the Earth's crust.

Geothermal Energy

3

Energy sources that are still in development.

Alternative Energy

4

The percentage of energy put into a system that does useful work.

Energy Efficiency

5

Saving energy in ways such as using energy-efficient devices and wasting less energy.

Energy Conservation

6

A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic chemical composition, an orderly internal structure, and a characteristic set of physical properties.

Mineral

7

Minerals that are valuable and economical to extract.

Ore Mineral

8

Method by which are deposits that are usually found 50 m or more beneath Earth's surface are mined.

Subsurface Mining

9

The methods that are used when are deposits are located close to Earth's surface.

Surface Mining

10

Surface-deposits where the minerals from rocks disintegrated by weather are concentrated by wind and water.

Placer Deposit

11

A process where crushed ore is melted at high temperatures in furnaces to separate impurities from molten metal.

Smelting

12

The layer of flux and impurities, which are less dense, formed on top of the molten metal during smelting.

Slag

13

The process of returning land to its original or better condition after mining is completed.

Reclamation

14

The remains of ancient organisms that changed into coal, oil, or natural gas.

Fossil Fuels

15

A machine that converts mechanical energy, or motion, into electrical energy.

Electric Generator

16

Oil that is pumped from the ground, also known as crude oil.

Petroleum

17

Oil deposits that can be extracted profitably at current prices using current technology.

Oil Reserves

18

The energy within the nucleus of an atom which nuclear power plants get their power from.

Nuclear Energy

19

A process where the collisions of atoms cause the nuclei to split when bombarded with atomic particles.

Nuclear Fission

20

When lightweight atomic nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus and release tremendous amounts of energy.

Nuclear Fusion

21

Energy from sources that are constantly being formed.

Renewable Energy

22

The use of the sun's energy to heat something directly.

Passive Solar Heating

23

Technology that gathers energy from the sun through collectors to use to heat water or to heat a building.

Active Solar Heating

24

Plant material, manure, and other inorganic matter that is used as an energy source.

Biomass Fuel

25

Technology such as the experimental power station off the shores of Hawaii which use temperature difference between the surface at the ocean, which is warmed by solar energy, and deep ocean waters to generate electricity.

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)

26

Produces electricity chemically by combing hydrogen fuel with oxygen from the air like a battery.

Fuel Cell

27

The sinking of regions of the ground with little or no horizontal movement.

Subsidence