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Period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance, lasting from about A.D. 500 to 1450.

Middle Ages

1

King of the Franks who conquered much of Europe and spread Christianity.

Charlemagne

2

Political and social system of the Middle Ages in Europe, in which lords gave land to vassals in exchange for service and loyalty.

Feudalism

3

Powerful landowner

Lord

4

People who lived and worked on the manor of a lord or vassal.

Serfs

5

Noble's house and the villages on his land where the peasants lived.

Manor

6

Code of conduct of knights, focusing on bravery, honor, and respect toward women and the weak.

Chivalry

7

Associations of people sharing a trade or craft, intended to control the quality and quantity of their production and to protect their interests.

Guilds

8

People in feudal society who received land and protection from lords in return for loyalty.

Vassals

9

System of law based on court decisions and local customs.

Common law

10

King of England who signed the Magna Carta in 1215.

King John

11

List of rights written by England's nobility and signed by King John in 1215.

Magna Carta

12

Group of representatives with some powers of government.

Parliament

13

Right of people not to be imprisoned unlawfully.

Hadeas corpus

14

System of judges and courts of law.

Judiciary

15

The right to vote.

Suffrage