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Flashcards in chapter 16 Deck (41):
1

totalitarianism

governmental system
exerts total control over its people
individuals have no rights government suppresses all opposition

2

Benito Mussolini

establish totalitarian regime in Italy
played on fears that Italy would turn communist; turned fascist

3

Joseph Stalin

took control of Soviet Union
abolished all forms of private ownership
transformed Soviet Union from backwards country to industrial powerhouse

4

Fascism

extreme nationalism, controlled by a dictator,
placed interests of the state above individual needs.

5

Nazism

German brand of fascism.

6

lebensraum

Means living space.
Securing the land and soil with which to feed, house, grow the German race.

7

Francisco Franco

Fascist leader of Spain,
leader of the Spanish Civil War.

8

Isolationism

American foreign policy before and after World War I,
meant to keep America out of world political crises.

9

Neutrality Acts

Series of Acts meant to enforce isolationism,
outlawed arms sales or loans to countries at war.

10

Neville Chamberlain

British Prime Minister before World War II who signed the Munich Pact.

11

Winston Churchill

Opposition leader in Great Britain,
called the Munich Agreement "appeasement" and condemned it.

12

Appeasement

Giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.

13

Nonaggression Pact

Agreement between Germany and Soviet Union to never attack one another.

14

Blitzkrieg

Lightening War.
Strategy by Germany
use advances in technology to take the enemy by surprise and crush opposition with overwhelming force.

15

Phony War

German, British, French troops mass along French border and wait for war.

16

Charles de Gaulle

French General
fled to Britain and set up government in exile.

17

Battle of Britain

Air war for control of Britain.
Germany bombed British cities day and night to force surrender.

18

Holocaust

Systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe.

19

Kristallnacht

Night of broken glass.
Beginning of the roundup of the Jews in Germany.

20

Final Solution

Policy of genocide,
deliberate and systematic extermination of the Jews, Gays, Gypsies and political opposition.

21

Concentration Camps

Labor camps where Jews and other undesirables were sent.

22

Tripartite Pact

Mutual defense treaty signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.

23

Selective Service Act

allowed for training and drafting of men in the United States.

24

Arsenal of Democracy

US Military aid for Great Britain and the Soviet Union in the early stages of WWII.

25

Cash and Carry

Allows warring nations to buy U.S. arms as long as they paid cash and carried them in their own ships.

26

Lend Lease Agreement

U.S. to lend or lease arms to nations whose defense is vital to the United States safety.

27

Atlantic Charter

Joint declaration of war aims by the US and Britain.

28

Hideki Tojo

Japanese military leader in charge of Japan.

29

December 7, 1941

Date Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.
US enters the war against Japan and Germany.

30

Why does Germany turn to Adolf Hitler

War debts, reliance on U.S. loans, 6 million unemployed, Treaty of Versailles

31

Black Shirts

Italy.
The Black shirts enforced Mussolini’s viewpoints at gunpoint many times

32

Union with Germany
Anschluss

The world did nothing to prevent this
Majority of Austria’s people, 6 million, were Germans who favored

33

Chelmno

first death camp set up in 1941

34

Night

Elie Wiesel's boon
described life in the concentration camps of the Nazis

35

What percent of Polands Jewish population was exterminated

90%

36

Which countries did cash and carry benefit

Great Britain
France
Soviet Union

37

What pulls the US into the war

Pearl Harbor

38

Arsenal of democracy

The US
supplied most of the weapons to defeat the Axis powers

39

Goals set by the charter
5
3

Collective Security
Self-determination
Disarmament
Economic Cooperation
Freedom of the Seas

40

Radar

Used in battle of britian to defeat luftwaffe

41

What was the most important area for Japan to conquer if they wished to maintain a military after 1941?

The Philippines.
They were the largest source of oil in the region
we cut off their supplies, they needed the resource to maintain their military presence in the Pacific.