Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (30):
1

Who won the Election of 1848?

Zachary Taylor-12th president

2

What was the name for the bills that dealt with slavery in the states added since the
Missouri Compromise?

Compromises of 1850

3

What required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves in 1850?

The Fugitive Slave Act

4

Anyone who aided a fugitive slave could be, what two things?

Fined or imprisoned

5

What did the enforcement of this act do?

Caused more anger in the North

6

What increased the amount of territory open to slaveholding in the U.S.?

Kansas-Nebraska Act

7

What is popular sovereignty?

Letting people decide for themselves about an issue

8

Which territory was the first to have blood shed over slavery?

Bleeding Kansas

9

Who was the violent abolitionist that believed God had chosen him to end slavery?

John Brown

10

What happened in the Sumner Brooks Incident?

Senator Charles Sumner lashed out against those for slaver, including Andrew P. Butler

11

What did Antislavery Whigs & Democrats, and Free Soilers join together to
become?

The Republican Party

12

Who did Dred Scott sue?

His owner

13

What did the Dred Scott Decision do to the nation?

Divided the nation even more

14

Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court that ruled on the Dred Scott case?

Roger B. Taney

15

According to the Dred Scott Decision, what did the Constitution do?

Protected slavery

16

What Senate race became the center of national attention?

Lincoln and Douglas Debate

17

What party was each candidate a part of?

R- Abraham Lincoln and D-Stephen A. Douglas

18

What was the main topic of the debates during that election?

Slavery

19

Who won the Illinois Senate race?

Douglas

20

What was the name of the event when John Brown led men to attack a weapon
storage facility?

The Raid on Harpers Ferry

21

What was Brown hoping to start at the Raid on Harpers Ferry?

A rebellion against slave holders by arming slaves, but he was quickly defeated

22

What was the Wilmot Proviso?

A proposal that would ban slavery in any lands that the U.S. acquired from Mexico, but never passed

23

After this event, what became a rallying cry for many abolitionists?

Brown's death

24

What was the first state to secede from the Union?

South Carolina

25

After seven states seceded, what was formed on Feb. 4, 1861?

A new nation, the Confederate States of America

26

How did the Confederate States of America justify secession?

The belief in states' rights

27

Who was the first President of the CSA?

Jefferson Davis

28

Whose hands did President Lincoln say the possibility of war was in?

The people's hands, not his

29

Confederate guns opened fire on what on April 12, 1861?

Fort Sumter

30

What event marked the beginning of the Civil War?

The Fort Sumter attack