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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (72):
1

clinical psychologist

have received a PHD level training, and are bale to formally diagnose and treat mental health issues ranging from mild to chronic

2

who is more likely to seek help, men or women?

women

3

what age is most likely to seek help

35-55 rather than young and elderly

4

what race is less likely to seek help

aboriginal and asian Canadians

5

conselling psychologist

mental health professional who typcially work with people needing help with more common problems such as stress, mild anxiety and depression (masters or PHD)

6

psychiatrists

medical doctor who spealize in mental health and who are allowed to diagnose / treat mental health disorders through meds

7

deinstitutionalizing 1950-1980

mental health patients were released back into their communities, generally after their symptoms alleviated through meds

8

residental treatment centers

housing facilities i which residents receive psychological therapy and life skills training, with the explicit goal of helping residents become re-integrated into society as well as they can

9

community psychology

focuses on identifying how people mental health is influenced by their neighborhood, economics, and community resources, social groups

10

1995 John Dilulio

epidemic of young superpredators- black males

11

empirically supported treatments

treatments that have been tested and evaluated

12

bibliotherapy

the use of self-help books and other readings as form of therapy

13

neurosurgens

brain surgery

14

psychological therapies

any technique that doesnt involve meds/ surgery but improves mental health

15

insight therapies

the goal to resolve psychological problems by finding their root cause

16

psychodynamic therapies

forms of insight therapy that emphasize the need to discover and resolve unconscious conflicts

17

unconscious conflicts between what two things can generate irrational thinking and behaviors

ID and the super ego

18

free association

clients are encouraged to talk or write without censoring their thoughts in any way

19

dream analysis

seeking to understand the nature of unconscious conflicts based on the contents of the clients dreams

20

manifest content

symbolic way for conscious minds experience our dreams

21

latent content

deeper meaning of our dreams reflect unconscious conflicts

22

resistance

aggressive/strong emotional reactions that provide clues of an unconscious conflict that the clients conscious mind is reluctant to confront

23

transference

analyzing how client reads to therapist based on the idea that it is possible to uncover unconcious conflicts formed in clients past, based on how they react in therapy relationship

24

object relations therapy

replying om clients concious self-relfection and what they remember about their past to understand the source of their mental health problems

25

phenomenological approach

the therapist addresses the clients feeling and thoughts as they unfold in the present moment, rather than looking for unconscious motives or dwelling in the past

26

interpersonal therapy

to help improve their clients success in relationships, the therapist interacts with them as a participant observer to determine the social patterns they engage in

27

humanistic-existential psychotherapy

the idea that people will naturally pursue self-fulliment if they receive enough support, acceptance and encouragement

28

client-centered therapy (or person centered therapy)

focuses on individual abilities to solve their own problems and reach their full potential with the encouragement of the therapist

29

humanistic psychotherapy

the focus is on helping clients eliminate the obstacles that prevent themsleves from achieving self-actualization (carl rogers)

30

behavioral therapies

address problem behaviors and the environment factors that trigger them, as directly as possible

31

conditions of worth

expectations imposed by other people and oursleves that lead us away from being our true selves and reacting out fullest potential

32

unconditional positive regard

the therapist accepts non-judgementally and supportively, all the views that their clients express

33

systematic desensitization

gradual exposure to a feared stimulus or situation is coupled with relaxation training

34

existentialist psychotherapy

main goal is for a client to confront sources of sadness, discomfort or fear (phenomenological approach)

35

emotion-focused therapy

clients experience neg emotions and explore sources of their sadness, anxiety, or anger to develop skill in controlling neg thoughts

36

modelling

treating phobias by doing /being by scary thing

37

virtual - reality exposure

reducing fear responses through safe exposure using virtual technology

38

aversive conditioning

behavioral technique that involves replacing a pos response to a stimulus with a neg response, typically using punishment

39

cognitive behavioral -therapy

is a form of therapy that consists of procedures such as cognitive reconstructing, stress inoculation training and exposing people to experience they may have tendency to avoid

40

antabase

drug meant to help people overcome alcohol addiction by generating extreme nausea

41

negative explanatory style

tendency to make internal, stable, and global attributions for neg events

42

internal attributions

are thoughts that say "its all my fault"

43

stable attributions

are thoughts that say "its never going to change"

44

global events

are thoughts that say "my whole life is ruined"

45

decentering

occurs when one is able to "step back" from on;es normal consciousness and observe oneself more objectively as an observer

46

mindfulness- based cognitive therapy (MBCT)

involves combining mindfullness mediation with standard cognitive behavior therapy tools

47

systems approach

an orientation that encourages therapists to see an individuals symptoms as being influenced by many different interacting system

48

mindfulness- based cognitive therapy (MBCT) four goals

Curious
Open
Accepting
Loving
(COAL)

49

psychoparmacotherapy

use of drugs to attempt to manage or reduce clients symptoms

50

psychtrophic drugs

medications designed to alter psychological functioning

51

blood-brain barrier

a network of tightly packed cells that only allow specific types of substances to move from bloodstream to the brain in order to protect delicate braincells to harm

52

psychothropic drugs have their effects by

influencing neurotranmitter levels in brain synapses

53

antidepressant drugs

medications designed to elevate mood and reduce other symptoms of depression - serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine

54

monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)

deactive an enzyme monoamine oxidase, that breaks down seretin dopamine, an norepinephrine

55

mood stabilizers

drugs used to prevent or reduce the severity of mood swings experienced by people with bipolar

56

tricycle antidepressant

drugs black re-uptake of serotonin and norepinephrine

57

SSRI- prozac caused what

12x more likely suicide

58

lithium

first mood stabilzers to be prescribed 1950-1980

59

st. john wort

can be as effective

60

antianxiety drugs (can cause addiction)

typically prescibed to treat the symptoms of anxiety (panic attacks) they enhance GABA - inhibitor effect throughout brain

61

antipsychotic drugs

designed to treat symptoms of psychosis - hallucainations (hadol and horazive- blocked dopamine)

62

tardive dyskinesia

movement disorder involving involuntary movements/ facial ties

63

facial lesions

destroy small area of brain anterior cingulate cortext- anterior cangulotomy

64

zyprexa side effects

loss of motivation, extreme weight gain, heart disease, type 2 diabetes

65

atypical antipsychotics

claim these drugs are less likely to produce extrapyramidal side effects

66

frontal lobotomy

removal or disconnection of regions of the brains cortex

67

Dr. antonio moniz

leucotomy - surgical destruction of brain tissues in prefrontal cortex

68

Drs. walter freeman and james watts

trans-orbital (icepick) lobotomy

69

electroconvultion therapy

involves passing an electrical current through the brain in order to induce a temp seizure

70

joseph kennedy

wife rose, son is john F kennedy

71

trancranial magnetic stimulation

a therapeutive technique in which a focal area of the brain exposed to a powerful magnetic field

72

deep brain stimulation

technique that involves electrically stimulating specific regions of the brain