Chapter 16 - Blood Flashcards Preview

BIOLOGY - SPRING 2017 > Chapter 16 - Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Blood Deck (33):
1

The liquid matrix of blood

Plasma

2

A decrease in this PRIMARY PLASMA PROTEIN, leads to Edema

Albumin

3

Tiny, blood cell FRAGMENTS that join together to form a Blood Clot

Platelets

4

These CELLS transport oxygen

Erythrocytes

5

These WBCs - have a BILOBED nucleus, with red GRANULES, to attack *allergens and *parasites

Eosinophils

6

Giant bone marrow cells, that are the PRECURSORS of Platelets

Megakaryocyte

7

This TISSUE, found deep in center of bones - CONTAINS STEM CELLS that differentiate into all type of blood cells

Marrow
(contains stem cells)

8

4-chained PROTEIN, that transports oxygen

Hemoglobin

9

One atom of this INORGANIC MOLECULE, is needed at the CENTER of each HEME MOLECULE

Iron

10

This ORGAN - Produces and Secretes the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN, in response to LOW O2 levels

Kidney
(produce/secretes Erythropoietin)

11

These WBCs - breakdown damaged RBCs

Macrophage
(Monocytes become Macrophage)

12

This ORGAN - is the primary location of RBC breakdown/recycling

Spleen
(destroys old/damaged RBCs)

13

This BYPRODUCT of HEME - is conjugated into > BILE by the Liver

Bilirubin

14

Yellow discoloration of the skin and sclera, that often accompanies Liver damage

Jaundice

15

"Neutrophilia" occurs as a result of this TYPE of INFECTION

BACTERIA infection

16

Platelet ADHESION - is triggered when this PROTEIN becomes exposed

Collagen

17

Thrombin and tPA - activate this "CLOT BUSTER" enzyme

Plasmin
("clot buster")

18

Thrombin, Ca++, and Factor XIII - activate this PROTEIN, which *forms fibrous network of a Blood Clot

Fibrin

19

A *glycoprotein marker - found on the SURFACE OF RBCs, and used to DETERMINE BLOOD TYPE

Antigen

20

A Plasma Protein - with five identical, Y-shaped arms, that *ATTACKS FOREIGN CELLS

Antibody

21

The CLUMPING OF RBCs - d/t a transfusion reaction (often deadly)

Agglutination

22

This BLOOD TEST - is the percentage of *TOTAL BLOOD VOLUME COMPOSED OF RBCs

Hematocrit
(% of RBCs !!)

23

An abnormally HIGH HEMATOCRIT - blood is too THICK

Polycythemia

24

A TRAVELING blood clot

Embolus

25

This medication
*PREVENTS BLOOD CLOT FORMATION, by *INACTIVATING Thrombin

Heparin

26

This TEST - is done following a Blood-Type Analysis, and prior to giving a Blood Transfusion

Crossmatch
(done in a test tube)

27

Each HEMOGLOBIN subunit - carries 1 oxygen, bound to an ION of ___

Iron

28

During Hematopoiesis - Megakaryocytes develop into ___

Platelets

29

A MATURE RBC enters the bloodstream, after losing its __

nucleus

30

Most common type of WBC

Neutrophil

31

Type of WBC - that fights *allergens and *parasites

Eosinophil

32

A Hematocrit of 62% is diagnostic of __

Polycythemia

33

The sickle cell trait is protective against __

Malaria