Chapter 16 - Orpheus and Hades Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Orpheus and Hades Deck (40):
1

Who is Sisyphus?

Trickster figure, who offended the gods
- he cheated death

2

Who is "Death" - what is his name?

Thanatos

3

Thanatos

Death

4

How does Sisyphus cheat Thanatos?

He orders his wife to not perform burial rites

5

How does Sisyphus eventually die?

Old age because he goes back to the living and lives a long life.

6

How is Sisyphus eternally punished?

He pushes the boulder up the hill.

7

Who is Thanatos often depicted with?

Hypnos

8

Who is Hypnos?

Sleep

9

What happens to Ixion?

He lusts after Hera and is tricked by Zeus to have sex with Nephele
- His seed spills onto ground and serves as creation of CENTAURUS

10

Nephele definition

Cloud

11

Who is Centaurus?

the father of centaurs

12

What is Ixion's eternal punishment?

Bound to rotating wheel of fire

13

Who are the Danaids?

the 50 daughters of Danaus, King of Argos
- they are compelled to marry their cousins

14

What does Danaus tell his daughters to do?

Kill their cousins on wedding night

15

Do all obey Danaus in the order of killing their cousins?

all obey but 1
-Hyperminestra

16

How are the other 49 daughters eternally punished?

They must fill leaky water jars

17

Leaky water jars serves as a symbol of what?

Infertility
- lack of sacred special fluids

18

What is another name for the Elysian fields?

Elysium
- Hesiod's Isles of the Blessed
- reserved for age of heroes

19

What is Elysium an analogue for?

Heaven

20

Elysium/ Elysian fields is the realm of......

purification
-1000 year period

21

3 Underworld judges

Minos, Aeacus, Rhadamanthus

22

5 rivers in underworld

styx - hate
archeron - woe
lethe- oblivion
cocytus - wailing
"pyri" phegethon - fire

23

Orpheus: Possible genealogy for Orpheus

Son of Apollo and calliope (a muse)
- son of oeagrus

24

Orpheus: Who is Calliope?

One of the muses

25

Orpheus: What is orpheus an archetype of?

Poet/ Musician

26

Orpheus: What is Orpheus' music said to do?

Soothe savagebeasts
- animating inanimate objects

27

Orpheus: Tragic love story , what happens to him?

Ill fated wife who ides on day of marriage

28

Orpheus: Who is Orpheus' late wife?

Eurydice

29

Orpheus: What is Eurydice?

She's a dryad
"a wood nymph"
- daughter of oak trees

30

Orpheus: How does Eurydice die?

Snake bite mortal wound

31

Orpheus: What book does Orpheus descend into the underworld with?

Virgil's Georgics

32

Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Who does Orpheus charm to get in to the underworld?

Charon and Cerberus

33

Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: What condition do Hades and Persephone have Orpheus keep in order to retrieve Eurydice?

He must not look back at her

34

Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Why does Orpheus look back?

He looks back in love

35

Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: What happens when he loses Eurydice forever?

He withdraws to Thrace and stops loving women.
Origins of homosexuality

36

Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Who kills Orpheus?

Maenads - so enraged and kill him due to Sparagmos (embracing Dionysus' powers)

37

Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Where does Orpheus remain scattered?

Herbrus river
- head keeps singing prophecy
- lyre keeps playing

38

Orpheus: What religion occurs?

Orphism
; Orpheus seen as prophet and religious teacher

39

Orpheus: Who is Orpheus' son?

Musaeus

40

When was orphism accepted as a mystery religion?

5th c. bce