Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Orpheus and Hades Deck (40):
Who is Sisyphus?
Trickster figure, who offended the gods
- he cheated death
Who is "Death" - what is his name?
How does Sisyphus cheat Thanatos?
He orders his wife to not perform burial rites
How does Sisyphus eventually die?
Old age because he goes back to the living and lives a long life.
How is Sisyphus eternally punished?
He pushes the boulder up the hill.
Who is Thanatos often depicted with?
Who is Hypnos?
What happens to Ixion?
He lusts after Hera and is tricked by Zeus to have sex with Nephele
- His seed spills onto ground and serves as creation of CENTAURUS
Who is Centaurus?
the father of centaurs
What is Ixion's eternal punishment?
Bound to rotating wheel of fire
Who are the Danaids?
the 50 daughters of Danaus, King of Argos
- they are compelled to marry their cousins
What does Danaus tell his daughters to do?
Kill their cousins on wedding night
Do all obey Danaus in the order of killing their cousins?
all obey but 1
How are the other 49 daughters eternally punished?
They must fill leaky water jars
Leaky water jars serves as a symbol of what?
- lack of sacred special fluids
What is another name for the Elysian fields?
- Hesiod's Isles of the Blessed
- reserved for age of heroes
What is Elysium an analogue for?
Elysium/ Elysian fields is the realm of......
-1000 year period
3 Underworld judges
Minos, Aeacus, Rhadamanthus
5 rivers in underworld
styx - hate
archeron - woe
cocytus - wailing
"pyri" phegethon - fire
Orpheus: Possible genealogy for Orpheus
Son of Apollo and calliope (a muse)
- son of oeagrus
Orpheus: Who is Calliope?
One of the muses
Orpheus: What is orpheus an archetype of?
Orpheus: What is Orpheus' music said to do?
- animating inanimate objects
Orpheus: Tragic love story , what happens to him?
Ill fated wife who ides on day of marriage
Orpheus: Who is Orpheus' late wife?
Orpheus: What is Eurydice?
She's a dryad
"a wood nymph"
- daughter of oak trees
Orpheus: How does Eurydice die?
Snake bite mortal wound
Orpheus: What book does Orpheus descend into the underworld with?
Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Who does Orpheus charm to get in to the underworld?
Charon and Cerberus
Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: What condition do Hades and Persephone have Orpheus keep in order to retrieve Eurydice?
He must not look back at her
Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Why does Orpheus look back?
He looks back in love
Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: What happens when he loses Eurydice forever?
He withdraws to Thrace and stops loving women.
Origins of homosexuality
Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Who kills Orpheus?
Maenads - so enraged and kill him due to Sparagmos (embracing Dionysus' powers)
Orpheus: Virgil's Georgics: Where does Orpheus remain scattered?
- head keeps singing prophecy
- lyre keeps playing
Orpheus: What religion occurs?
; Orpheus seen as prophet and religious teacher
Orpheus: Who is Orpheus' son?