Chapter 16 - Testing Testing Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Testing Testing Deck (65):
1

Clumping together of cells or particles

Agglutination

2

Assessment or test to determine # of organisms, cells, or amount of a chemical substance found in a sample

Assay

3

Diagnostic evaluation of blood to determine the number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes per cubic millimeter of blood

Complete Blood Count (abbrev. CBC)

4

Diagnostic evaluation of the number of WBC types per cubic millimeter of blood

Differential

5

Liquid used to make a dilution

Diluent

6

% of erythrocytes in blood; "to separate blood"

Hematocrit (also called crit, PCV, or packed cell volume)

7

Record of the findings in the examination of blood especially with reference to the numbers, proportions, and morphology of the blood cells

Hemogram

8

Method of tagging antibodies with a luminating dye to detect antigen-antibody complexes

Immunofluorescence

9

Numeric and descriptive data in the WBC distribution used to identify a pathologic process

Leukogram

10

Group of laboratory tests performed on serum; includes tests that measure levels of glucose, liver enzymes, and kidney enzymes

Profile (also called screen or panel)

11

Diagnostic evaluation of the number of seconds needed for thromboplastin to coagulate plasma

Prothrombin time

12

Laboratory technique in which a radioactively labeled substance is mixed with a blood specimen to determine the amount of a particular substance in the mixture

Radioimmunoassay (also called radioassay)

13

# of erythrocytes per cubic millimeter of blood

Red Cell Count

14

laboratory study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies

Serology

15

# of leukocytes per cubic millimeter of blood

White Cell Count

16

Microscopic, prokaryotic unicellular organism

Bacterium (pl. bacteria)
A prokaryote is an organism without a membrane-bound nucleus

17

Examples of bacteria

1. Staphylococci (grapelike clusters of spherical bacteria)
2. Streptococci (spherical bacteria forming chains)
3. Bacilli (rod-shaped bacteria)
4. Spirochetes (spiral-shaped bacteria that are tightly coiled)
5. Endospore (resistant, oval body formed in some bacteria)
6. Rickettsia (small rod-shaped bacterium transmitted by lice, fleas, ticks, or mites)

18

Combining form for chain

Strepto

19

Microscopic living organism

Microorganism

20

Combining form for grapelike clusters

Staphylo

21

Eukaryotic organism without chlorophyll

Fungus (pl. fungi)
A eukaryote is an organism with a membrane-bound nucleus

22

Examples of fungi

1. Yeast (budding form of fungus)
2. Mold (filamentous form of fungi)

23

Organism that lives on or in another living organism

Parasite

24

Small organism that is not visualized via microscopy

Virus (live only by invading cells)

25

Without signs of disease

Asymptomatic

26

Pertaining to, resulting from, or caused by a noninjurious route

Atraumatic

27

Animal that harbors an infectious agent w/o displaying clinical signs and who may transmit the infectious agent to others

Carrier

28

Visible, readily observed, pertaining to treatment

Clinical

29

To catch a disease

Contract

30

Deviation from normal health

Disease

31

Study of relationships determining frequency and distribution of diseases

Epidemiology

32

Study of disease causes

Etiology

33

More than normal

Excessive

34

Localized region

Focus

35

Common term for any pathogenic microorganism, but especially bacterial and viral organisms

Germ

36

Number of new cases of disease occurring during a given time

Incidence

37

Unstable

Labile

38

Causing death

Lethal

39

Afflicted with disease

Morbid

40

Ratio of diseased animals to well animals in a population

Morbidity

41

Near death

Moribund

42

Ratio of diseased animals that die to diseased animals

Mortality

43

Able to relieve but not cure a condition

Palliative

44

Extreme fear

Phobia

45

Number of cases of disease in population at a certain time

Prevalence

46

Prevention

Prophylaxis

47

Condition occurring as a consequence of another condition

Sequela

48

Without showing signs of disease

Subclinical

49

Lacking resistance

Susceptible

50

Enlarged by fluid retention

Swollen

51

Ability to transfer from one animal to the next

Transmissible

52

Transfer from one animal to the next

Transmission

53

Pertaining to, resulting from, or causing injury

Traumatic

54

Disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans

Zoonosis

55

Intensity of an ultrasound wave

Amplitude

56

U/S term for when waves are transmitted to deeper tissue and none are reflected back

Anechoic

57

Loss of intensity of the U/S beam as it travels through tissue

Attenuation

58

U/S property of producing adequate levels of reflections (echoes) when sound waves are returned to the transducer and displayed

Echoic

59

Number of cycles per unit of time

Frequency

60

Tissue that reflects MORE sound back to the transducer than the surrounding tissues; appears bright

Hyperechoic

61

Tissue that reflects LESS sound back to the transducer than the surrounding tissues; appears dark

Hypoechoic

62

Tissue that has the SAME ultrasonic appearance as that of the surrounding tissue

Isoechoic

63

Ability to separately identify different structures on radiograph or U/S

Resolution

64

Speed at which something travels through an object

Velocity

65

Length that a wave must travel in one cycle

Wavelength