Chapter 16 Treatment of Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (26):
1

clinical/counseling psychologists

diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday problems

2

psychiatrists

physicians that specialize in psychological disorders, more severe, use more medicine

3

insight therapies

verbal interactions, enhance client's self-knowledge to promote personality/behavior changes

4

psychoanalysis

recovery of unconscious conflicts and motives, free association and transference

5

free association

clients spontaneously express their thoughts exactly as they occur, with no sensoring

6

resistance

unconscious defensive tactics that prevent progress of therapy

7

transference

clients unconsciously start relating to their therapist in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives

8

client-centered therapy

clients determine pace and direction of treatment

9

spontaneous remission

recovery from a disorder that occurs without formal treatment

10

behavior therapies

application of learning principles to change clients' behaviors

11

systematic desensitization

reduces anxiety responses through counterconditioning

12

exposure therapies

patients confront their fears

13

aversion therapy

aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response

14

social skills training

designed to improve interpersonal skills
modeling, behavioral rehearsal and shaping

15

cognitive behavioral treatments

verbal interventions and behavioral modifications used to change maladaptive behavior

16

cognitive therapy

specific strategies used to correct habitual thinking errors

17

biomedical therapies

physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms

18

psychopharmacotherapy

treatment of mental disorders with medication

19

mood stabilizers

control mood swings

20

electroconvulsive therapy

electric shock is used to produce a cortical seizure and convulsitons

21

transcranial magnetic stimulation

allows scientists to temporarily enhance or depress activity in the brain

22

deep brain stimulation

thin electrode surgically implanted

23

antipsychotic drugs

reduce hyperactivity, mental confusion, hallucinations and delusions, decrease activity at dopamine synapses, help 95% of patients, work in 1-3 weeks

24

tardive dyskinesia

involuntary tic-like movements of the mouth, tongue, face, hands and feet

25

antidepressant drugs

work gradually in 1-3 weeks, slow reputake process at serotonin synapses

26

eclecticism

drawing ideas from two or more systems of therapy