Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (54):
What was the Ottoman Empire?
Founded by Osman in 1299 in Anatolia. Captured Constantinople renaming it Istanbul (Pfaff)
What was the Ming Dynasty?
The Ming was the Chinese dynasty that replaced the Mongol Yuan dynasty in China (Pfaff)
What was the Safavid Empire?
It was the Turkish Muslim empire replacing Tamerlane's empire in Persia (Pfaff)
What was the Mughal empire?
the Turkish Muslim empire replacing Tamerlane's empire in India (Pfaff)
What was the Yuan Dynasty?
(1279-1368 CE) Mongol rule in China, replacing Southern Song Dynasty. Capital at Khanbaliq. Established by Khubilai Khan (Pfaff)
What is kumiss?
alcoholic drink that contains fermented mare's milk
What are shamans?
religious specialists that Turkish people revolved around; possessed supernatural powers, communicated with gods and spirits, invoked divine aid on behalf of community and informed them of their gods' will
rulers of the nomadic confederations; rarely ruled directly, but through the leaders of allied tribes
secular ruler of the Turkish Muslims
The Bubonic Plague
Black Death; caused major depopulation and labor shortages that weakened the Mongols
What city was Istanbul originally?
Capital of the Roman Empire under Constantine. Became Istanbul
City between China and the west. Major Silk Road trading point. Captured by the Mongols and sacked in 1220
Narrow strait in Turkey that the Byzantine empire used as a taxing station as well as defense
Controlled by Roman Empire. Southeast Europe
"Divine winds" ; Japanese attributed their continued independence to these winds that sank invading ships
Qanat irrigation system
Delicate Persian irrigation canals; destroyed by Mongol invaders; destruction severely decreased agricultural production in the region
Recognized Mongols as legitimate rulers; made a place for magic and the supernatural; found attractive by Mongol elites
Rise of prices resulting in the loss of value of currency
Leadership exercised by one nation over others
What was the greatest city that the ottoman turks captured
The peninsula where Constantinople is located
body of water that served as a major trading route for Constantinople, North-east Africa, and Palestine
The name for modern day Constantinople
Largely Turkish Islamic land
The early Mongol capital in China
The Golden Horde overran Russia in 1237
The Mongol capital built by Tamerlane
Central Asian Steppe
The birthplace of the Turkish and Mongol empire
Located in Palestine, major area for religious wars
True or false: women in asian nomadic societies had responsibilities and fought in wars.
True. Men dominated, but women tended to animals and were skilled archers.
What religion did most Turks eventually follow?
Islam, which they were converted to from native shamanism.
True or false: Genghis Khan organized his military based on tribal relations.
False, he broke up tribes and organized people into new units.
What region did the Ottomans control?
The former Byzantine Empire (Turkey).
What was the Mongol capital that Genghis Khan established?
Who was Chinggis Khan
The unifier of the Mongols, also known as Temujin.
one of Chinggis Khans grandsons who promoted buddism, and supported other religions
Nestorian Christian female who was the favorite wife of Khubilai Khan
famous Venetian traveler who visited the mongol area
Khubilais brother who toppled the abbasid empire and established the mongol ilkhanate in persia.
What was Constantinople?
Capital of the Byzantine Empire and later the where the Orthodox Church was centered.
What was Karakorum?
Capital of the the Mongol Empire
Where is Manzikert and why is it important.
Manzikert is in modern day eastern Turkey and the Battle of Manzikert was fought there. The two sides were the Byzantines and the Saljuq Turks.
What was Khanbaliq and who founded it?
The capital of the Yuan Dynasty. Khanbaliq was founded by Kublai Khan.
Built their societies by adapting to arid lands
Raided lucrative sites in Northern India
Birth name of Chinghis Khan
Successor of the Saljuqs
( Ethan Packel)
Mongol section that ruled over present-day Russia
Who served under Khubalu Khan?
Who sparked in interest in Europe to start trade with Asia?
What group took conquered much of Asia?
Who led the mongols in much of their conquering?