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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (54):
0

What was the Ottoman Empire?

Founded by Osman in 1299 in Anatolia. Captured Constantinople renaming it Istanbul (Pfaff)

1

What was the Ming Dynasty?

The Ming was the Chinese dynasty that replaced the Mongol Yuan dynasty in China (Pfaff)

2

What was the Safavid Empire?

It was the Turkish Muslim empire replacing Tamerlane's empire in Persia (Pfaff)

3

What was the Mughal empire?

the Turkish Muslim empire replacing Tamerlane's empire in India (Pfaff)

4

What was the Yuan Dynasty?

(1279-1368 CE) Mongol rule in China, replacing Southern Song Dynasty. Capital at Khanbaliq. Established by Khubilai Khan (Pfaff)

5

What is kumiss?

Venteicher

alcoholic drink that contains fermented mare's milk

6

What are shamans?

Venteicher

religious specialists that Turkish people revolved around; possessed supernatural powers, communicated with gods and spirits, invoked divine aid on behalf of community and informed them of their gods' will

7

Khan

Venteicher

rulers of the nomadic confederations; rarely ruled directly, but through the leaders of allied tribes

8

Sultan

Venteicher

secular ruler of the Turkish Muslims

9

The Bubonic Plague

Venteicher

Black Death; caused major depopulation and labor shortages that weakened the Mongols

10

What city was Istanbul originally?

Rall

Byzantium

11

Constantinople


Rall

Capital of the Roman Empire under Constantine. Became Istanbul

12

Samarkand

Rall

City between China and the west. Major Silk Road trading point. Captured by the Mongols and sacked in 1220

13

Dardanelles

Rall

Narrow strait in Turkey that the Byzantine empire used as a taxing station as well as defense

14

Balkan Peninsula

Rall

Controlled by Roman Empire. Southeast Europe

15

Kamikaze


Murphy

"Divine winds" ; Japanese attributed their continued independence to these winds that sank invading ships

16

Qanat irrigation system


Murphy

Delicate Persian irrigation canals; destroyed by Mongol invaders; destruction severely decreased agricultural production in the region

17

Lamaist Buddhism


Murphy

Recognized Mongols as legitimate rulers; made a place for magic and the supernatural; found attractive by Mongol elites

18

Inflation


Murphy

Rise of prices resulting in the loss of value of currency

19

Hegemony


Murphy

Leadership exercised by one nation over others

20

What was the greatest city that the ottoman turks captured

Peddicord

Constanstinople

21

The peninsula where Constantinople is located

Peddicord

Balkan Peninsula

22

body of water that served as a major trading route for Constantinople, North-east Africa, and Palestine

Peddicord

Mediterranean Sea

23

The name for modern day Constantinople

Peddicord

Istanbul

24

1453 Anatolia

Reller

Largely Turkish Islamic land

25

Khanbaliq

Reller

The early Mongol capital in China

26

Russia

Reller

The Golden Horde overran Russia in 1237

27

Samarkand

Reller

The Mongol capital built by Tamerlane

28

Central Asian Steppe

Reller

The birthplace of the Turkish and Mongol empire

29

Located in Palestine, major area for religious wars

Peddicord

Jerusalem

30

True or false: women in asian nomadic societies had responsibilities and fought in wars.
(Max Parsa)

True. Men dominated, but women tended to animals and were skilled archers.

31

What religion did most Turks eventually follow?
(Max Parsa)

Islam, which they were converted to from native shamanism.

32

True or false: Genghis Khan organized his military based on tribal relations.
(Max Parsa)

False, he broke up tribes and organized people into new units.

33

What region did the Ottomans control?
(Max Parsa)

The former Byzantine Empire (Turkey).

34

What was the Mongol capital that Genghis Khan established?
(Max Parsa)

Karakorum.

35

Who was Chinggis Khan
CollinNill

The unifier of the Mongols, also known as Temujin.

36

Khubilai Khan
CollinNill

one of Chinggis Khans grandsons who promoted buddism, and supported other religions

37

Nestorian Christian female who was the favorite wife of Khubilai Khan
CollinNill

Chabi

38

famous Venetian traveler who visited the mongol area
CollinNill

Marco Polo

39

Hulegu

Collin Nill

Khubilais brother who toppled the abbasid empire and established the mongol ilkhanate in persia.

40

What was Constantinople?

Capital of the Byzantine Empire and later the where the Orthodox Church was centered.

Jonathan Perry

41

What was Karakorum?

Capital of the the Mongol Empire

Jonathan Perry

42

Where is Manzikert and why is it important.

Manzikert is in modern day eastern Turkey and the Battle of Manzikert was fought there. The two sides were the Byzantines and the Saljuq Turks.
Jonathan Perry

43

What was Khanbaliq and who founded it?

The capital of the Yuan Dynasty. Khanbaliq was founded by Kublai Khan.
Jonathan Perry

44

Built their societies by adapting to arid lands

Nomadic Pastorialists
(Ethan Packel)

45

Raided lucrative sites in Northern India

Ghaznavid Turks
(Ethan Packel)

46

Birth name of Chinghis Khan

Temüjin

47

Successor of the Saljuqs

Khwarazm Shah
( Ethan Packel)

48

Mongol section that ruled over present-day Russia

Golden Horde
(Ethan Packel)

49

Who served under Khubalu Khan?

Sal Paris

Marco Polo

50

Who sparked in interest in Europe to start trade with Asia?

Sal Paris

Marco Polo

51

What group took conquered much of Asia?

Sal Paris

The mongols

52

Who led the mongols in much of their conquering?

Sal Paris

Chinggis Khan

53

What groups are monotheistic?

Sal Paris

The Jews and Christians