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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (34):
0

What was the capital of the CSA?

Richmond Virginia

1

What were border states?

Divided over the issue of slavery

2

Which side had the larger army?

North

3

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

Reunite the country

4

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

Anaconda plant

5

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

Preserve their way of life

6

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

South- after cities
North-after rivers and landmarks

7

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

First battle of bull run

8

Who were the two generals of the first battle of bull run?

Pgt beugard and Irvin McDowell.

9

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during this battle?

Reinforcements

10

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?

Thomas stone wall Jackson

11

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?

Confederates let out a loud and strange scream

12

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull
Run?

Disorganized

13

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

The battle fort Henry and fort Donelson

14

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

Merrimack

15

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break through the North’s defense?

Ion sides

16

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

A church near their resting point in south west Tennessee

17

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

Battle of Antietam

18

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

On the war forwards taking action against slavery

19

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

Served as nurses

20

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the
North?

Lack of industry, shortages of essential goods due to the blockage, farmland being overrun

21

What did Lincoln sign on January 1st 1863?

Emancipation proclamation

22

Who believed that the signing on Jan 1, 1863 was the greatest event in US History?

Fredrick Douglas

23

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

54th Massachusetts

24

What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being
dominant?

Gettysburg address

25

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

Equality, states rights, freedom

26

Turning point of civil war

The union victorious @ Gettysburg and Vicksburg

27

What was important about David Farragut?

The highest ranking officer in the union navy

28

Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed?

Savanna Georgia

29

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

Small Virginia village called Appomattox court house

30

How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the
Southern troops?

Very forgiving

31

What treaty ended the Civil War?

No treaty

32

How many soldiers died in the war?

Over 60000

33

How did the balance in power settle between the federal gov’t and state gov’ts after
the war?

Federal government was strengthened and was now clearly more powerful than the states